Panchmahal district is situated in eastern portion of Gujarat.

The District is surrounded by Dahod district to the north-east & east, Vadodara district to the southwest and Chhota Udaipur district to southeast, Kheda district to the west and Mahi Sagar district to the north.

The district was originally called the Pavagadh Panch Mahals, because it consisted of five mahals administered from Pavagadh.