Maharashtra is a state in the western peninsular region of India and enjoys its position being the second largest in terms of population and fifth largest in terms of area. It occupies a substantial portion of the Deccan Plateau and was formed in 1960 by splitting the former Bombay State into Maharashtra and Gujarat. The capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai (previously Bombay), one of the most populous and famous metropolitan cities in India, and the country’s financial capital.
Maharashtra area is 307,713 square kilometers and it is a state with a vibrant and chaotic mix of different beliefs and cultures which co-exist harmoniously and paint the state’s canvas in their cultural beauty. It is endowed with an array of historical architecture, religious shrines, a remarkable collection of ancient caves, golden sandy beaches with tall palm trees, lush green hills in the meadow of the Western Ghats.
Flora and fauna of Maharashtra is as vibrant as the state with Western Ghats, Deccan Plateau, and West Coast as the biographical zones. The Ghats are home to endemic species, Deccan Plateau has vast mountain ranges and grasslands, and West Coast has littoral and swamp forests. Maharashtra state is also known for its lip-smacking cuisine and along with a history worth narrating, it is an incredible mashup of fun and delight and is thus a traveler’s paradise.
There are 12.3 crore (12.3 million) people in Maharashtra, out of which 65.99 % are Hindus, 20.65 % are Muslims, 4.10% are Jains, and remaining Sikhs, Christians, or Buddhists.The people belonging to Maharashtra state are known as Maharashtrians, and most of them are vegetarians.
The official language in Maharashtra is Marathi, but different regions in the state have their own dialects of the language. So, Marathi is native to the Maharashtra, and is its official language.Apart from Marathi, a few other languages are also widely spoken including Konkani, Hindi, and Gujarati. In most urban areas like Mumbai and Pune, English is also largely spoken, especially in professional contexts and situations.
Maharashtra state was ruled by Satavahana dynasty (2nd century), the Maurya empire (3rd and 4th Century BCE), the Chalukya Dynasty (6th – 12th centuries) and later by many more kings and empires such as Delhi Sultanate, the Tughlaqs, Bahmani Sultanate, the Portuguese, Faruqi dynasty, Maratha Empire (Peshwas) and eventually by the British - East India Company before India became independent.
After independence, princely states of the Deccan States Agency including Kolhapur, Sangli, Aundh, Bhor, and Sawantwadi, were merged into what was then the Bombay State, which was created from the former Bombay Presidency (1950). From 1954 to 1955, there were protests from the Marathi people along with the advocation of the Mahagujarat Movement for a separate state of Gujarat. Maharashtra state was formed in the 1960 after a campaign to create a Marathi-speaking state in the 1950s. along with Gujarat which were divided from the previous Bombay State. Later, some more Marathi speaking regions were merged into it and the state was called “Maharashtra”, with Bombay city as its capital. The official name of Bombay was changed to Mumbai in the year 1995, under the Shiv Sena Government.
Maharashtrian culture has a mix of a vast majority of religions such as Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, and a little bit of Buddhism too.Muslims, Christians, and people of other religions are counted as minorities due to their collective population being lesser than that of Hindus in the state (Hindus occupy more than 75% of Maharashtra). In Hinduism, Lord Ganeshis the deity having most temples and devotees in the state, and the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi (in August or September) is celebrated pompously and hugely here every year.
The traditional dance forms of Maharashtra Maharashtra, Lavani, Powada, and Koli are performed by enthusiasm by the locals wearing colorful Nauwarisaadi or Lugda (women) and Dhotar (men) during the festival celebrations. The festival time is one of the best times to visit Maharashtra as it offers a grand picture of the culture, heritage, and ethnicity of the state. Apart from Ganesh Chaturthi (a highly visible and grand festival celebrated here), GudiPadwa, Naga Panchami, Marabats, and Badgyas are some regional festivals celebrated here apaprt from Diwali, Holi, and Dussehra.
Maharashtra has some of the best places to visit which attract visitors in its natural bounties, majestic architectures, and splendid beaches. Some of the best places to visit in Maharashtra and information about Maharashtra are given below.
One thing can be said about Maharashtra that it has many historical gems to see. Some popular sites of historical significance in the state are –
Maharashtra food includes a variety of both mild and spicy dishes. Peanuts and fresh coriander are used generously in many dishes, and so is Methi (fenugreek leaves). Some popular dishes include:
Some thrilling activities and things to do in Maharashtra for adventure lovers are –
Blessed with diverse topography, Maharashtra is a blend of serene beaches, spectacular landscape views from the hills, majestic modern and colonial architecture, and delectable food, which fulfils the wanderlust of all kinds of travelers be it a nature lover, an adventure buff, a foodie, or a history enthusiast.
Maharashtra is one of India’s largest commercial and financial hubs with numerous foreign companies and the stock exchanges. It is also known for its rich history, culture, historical monuments, and cuisine with several UNESCO heritage sites present as well.
Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra which is also called as the Finance Capital of India being home to National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange.
The total GDP of Maharashtra (2021-2022) is INR31.97 trillion with a per capita income of INR225,073.
The total area of Maharashtra is 307,713 square kilometers which makes it the third largest state in terms of area coverage in India.
Maharashtra has a tropical monsoon climate with hot, rainy, and cold weather seasons and dry summers. The month of March begins the summer season with May being the hottest month and January being the coolest but not very chilly. The state experience moderate to high level of rain during the monsoon season otherwise it gets super humid.
Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India just below the state of Gujarat. The region has a history dating back to 1300-700 BCE, although the present-day state established after 1960 CE.
Cities: Achalpur | Ahmednagar | Akola | Alibag | Ambernath| Amravati | Aurangabad | Badlapur | Barshi | Bhiwandi | Bhusawal | Chandrapur | Dhule| Gondiya | Hinganghat | Ichalkaranji | Jalgaon | Jalna | Kalyan | Kolhapur | Kalyan-Dombivli | Lonavla | Latur | Mahabaleshwar | Matheran | Malegaon | Mumbai | Nagpur | Navi Mumbai | Nanded | Nanded Waghala | Nandurbar | Nashik | Osmanabad | Pune | Panvel | Parbhani | Pimpri-Chinchwad | Panchgani | Satara | Solapur | Thane | Udgir | Ulhasnagar | Vasai-Virar | Wardha | Yavatmal
Monuments: Aga Khan Palace | Ajanta Caves| Ambernath Shivalaya | Aurangabad Caves | Bibi Ka Maqbara| Daulatabad Fort | Elephanta Caves | Ellora Caves | Gateway of India | Kolaba Fort | Kondana Caves | Pratapgarh Fort | Raigad Fort | Rajmachi Fort | Shaniwar Wada | Thanale Caves | Vijaydurg Fort
Waterfalls: Chinchoti Waterfalls| Dabhosa Waterfalls| Dugarwadi Waterfalls| Garambi Waterfalls | Lingamala Waterfalls | Mandakini Waterfalls| Sahastrakunda Waterfalls | Someshwar Waterfalls| Thoseghar Waterfalls | Usarvardhane Waterfalls| Vajrai Waterfalls | Vihigaon Waterfalls | Vyaghreshwar Waterfall
Beaches: Aksa Beach| Alibag Beach| Dapoli Beach| Diveagar Beach | Ganapatipule Beach | Gorai Beach| Guhagar Beach | Harihareshwar Beach| Juhu Beach | Kashid Beach| Kihim Beach| Malvan Beach | Manori Beach | Nagaon Beach | Nariman Point | Revdanda Beach | Shrivardhan Beach | Tarkarli Beach | Versova Beach