Goa is a state on the southwestern coast of India. It is the smallest state in the country with respect to surface area.

Goa has many churches which are considered its landmarks. It is also known for its amazing beaches which many people from all over India as well as the world love to visit.


Goa was annexed and became a Portuguese possession formerly, but became a part of India in 1962. It became an individual state by attaining statehood in 1987.

Goa’s most occupied city today is Panaji – a city that was built on the left bank of the Mandavi estuary. It was formerly a part of “Old Goa” on the island of Goa, which was once the hub of the region, but was decimated in the 18th century due to wars; and now only its (preserved) ruins remain. 

The Basilica of Bom Jesus and the Se Cathedral are among the most popular churches in the city. Both of these were built in the 16th century, and, along with several other churches of Goa, these were declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in the year 1986.


There are about 14 cities and town in Goa – divided into North Goa and South Goa regions. Out of these, four are considered most prominent: 1. Vasco Da Gama – the capital city pf Goa, 2. Panaji –  (also known as Panjim), 3. Marmagao, and 4. Madgaon. While Panaji is a busy port city, Marmagao specializes in the shipment of iron ore and manganese. Madgaon, on the other hand has many industrial estates, cold-storage facilities, and a vast produce market. Vasco Da Gama , the capital city is named after the Portuguese explorer and navigator Vasco da Gama, who had held the title of Governor of Portuguese India when Goa had been a Portuguese territory.


Goa state has a population of 17.12 Lakhs (as of 2020). A large number of people here follow Christianity (more than 30%) and Hinduism (also around 30%). Many of them are also of Portuguese descent and can speak or understand Portuguese language too, besides Konkani, Hindi and English.


The culture of Goa is a blend of Portuguese and Indian cultures. After the Portuguese arrived Goa in 1510, influencing people in Goa to adopt Portuguese culture, but most of them still retained their own Hindu and other customs and traditions, resulting in an Indo-Portuguese society.


The official language spoken across Goa is Konkani. And the second widely spoken language is English.


The cuisine of Goa - Goan Cuisine, is mostly seafood-based. The staple foods here are rice and fish.


The major modes of inter-city transportation within Goa are Trains and Buses and for inter-state travel, the state has airports connecting to cities in other states. For travel within cities, there are many other modes such as taxi/cabs, buses, and private vehicles like 2-wheelers and cars, or even walking and bicycles.

Airports - Goa has just one airport, which has both domestic (with flights connecting to cities in other states in the country and International departures (flights to various other countries). This is the only airport in the state.

  • Goa Dabolim International Airport

Train Stations - Some major train terminals in Goa for boarding intercity trains are -

  • Madgaon (Margao) Train station
  • Vasco Da Gama Train station

Buses - Goa has inter-city buses operated by the Kadamba Transport Corporation Ltd - a state Transport Undertaking of the state. It operates buses in more than 200 routes – both inter-city and inter-state – within Goa and the neighbouring states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. These buses can be easily boarded at major bus terminals in the state such as –

  • Mapusa bus terminal
  • Panjim bus terminal
  • Vasco da Gama
  • Margao (known also as Madgaon)
  • Canacona


Most of Goa’s popular tourist destinations include its famous beaches and ancient churches. Apart from these, Goa has cruises, water sports, historical forts, scuba diving, bungee jumping shopping and many other interesting activities for visitors. Some of the most popular destinations include:


Goa is a state filled with places that include spectacular beaches, resorts, and numerous historic spots and churches, its a quite popular place especially among the young people. Popularly known as the “pearl of the East”, it also has many markets to explore and an exciting nightlife scene.

Lying in the coastal belt of Konkan in western part of peninsular India Goa’s coastline extends over a 100 km. Here are some incredible things to do or places that can be explored over a weekend in Goa –

  • Explore forts in the place like - Aguada Fort (A very popular place to hang out and click pictures at), Chapora Fort, Terekhol Fort, Cabo De Rama Fort, Corjuem Fort (for panoramic Views of the city)
  • The Fisherman’s Wharf (great seafood and views)
  • Chorao Island - Largest Island n Goa
  • Explore wildlife and do some ecological tourism at places like –
    • Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary with mangrove forests
    • Mandovi-Zuari Wildlife Sanctuary – explore some rare species of flora and fauna
    • Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Explore markets like - Mapusa Market, Saturday Night Market and Anjuna Flea Market.


Goa is a place full of adventures and offers exciting adventure opportunities for the adrenaline junkies and people who want to have a taste of adventure. Here are some of the top places for adventurous things to do in Goa -


Goa has a deep history, influenced by Portuguese colonial culture. It has many churches, Basilicas, and forts that history lovers and photography enthusiasts will love to explore and can be great hangout spots for other people too –

  • Bom Jesus Basilica (having beautiful Baroque Architecture)
  • Se Cathedral (One of the largest Churches in Asia)
  • Church of St. Francis Of Assisi (Known to be world’s 2nd largest bell)
  • Church of St. Cajetan

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