Golaghat is an administrative district of Assam state. Golaghat achieved district status in the year 1987.
The name 'Golaghat' came from markets that were established by people called Marwari. "Gola" means market and "Ghat" means the port of river transport.
Golaghat district is surrounded by Brahmaputra river to the north, the state of nagaland to the south, Jorhat district to the east and karbi anglong and nagaon district to the west.
Golaghat district is home of Kaziranga National Park which is famous for a good population of one-horned rhinos.