Kurnool is a city in Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarter of Kurnool District. The City of Gem Stones is often referred to as "The Gateway of Rayalaseema". According to the 2011 census,with a population of 484,327, Kurnool is the fifth most populous city in Andhra Pradesh. Kurnool is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. However, the area was occupied for thousands of years but the modern Kurnool was founded in the 16th century CE along with the construction of the Konda Reddy Fort.
Once served as the capital of Andhra Pradesh between 1 October 1953 and 31 October 1956, Kurnool has been ruled and controlled by many Emperors, which include VijayanagaraEmpire, the Mughals empire, and Nawabs. In the 12th Century, Kurnool was ruled by the Cholas, and in the 13th Century by the Kakatiya dynasty. It ultimately fell under the control of a jaghirdar before becomingpart of the Vijayanagar dynasty. In the 16th Century, it came under the rule of KingAchyuta Raya, the successor of Sri Krishnadeva Raya who constructed the Kurnool Fort. In the 17th Century, Abdul Wahab Khan conqueredthe King of Vijayanagar Kingdom, Gopal Raja,and ruled Kurnool for 16 years until his death.