Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park, situated in the heart of Madhya Pradesh, India, is a natural paradise known for its rich biodiversity, lush landscapes, and a thriving population of tigers. Spread across approximately 940 square kilometers, this protected area is not just a sanctuary for wildlife enthusiasts but also a sanctuary for the soul. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the wonders of Kanha, covering its history, geography, flora and fauna, activities, and essential travel tips to help you make the most of your visit.

History of Kanha National Park:

Kanha's history is steeped in conservation efforts and a commitment to preserving the natural heritage of India. Established in 1955, it was one of the first wildlife sanctuaries in India under Project Tiger, aimed at protecting the Bengal tiger population. The park's efforts have borne fruit, as it now boasts a thriving tiger population, making it one of India's premier tiger reserves.

Geography and Climate:

Kanha's geographical location contributes to its rich biodiversity. The park is nestled in the Maikal Hills of the Satpura Range and features diverse landscapes, including lush sal and bamboo forests, vast meadows, and gently flowing streams. The park's altitude varies from 450 meters to 900 meters, creating a diverse ecosystem.
The climate of Kanha National Park is typically tropical, with three distinct seasons:

  • Summer (March to June): Summers are hot and dry, with temperatures often exceeding 40°C (104°F). This is the best time for tiger sightings as they frequent waterholes to quench their thirst.
  • Monsoon (July to September): Monsoons bring heavy rainfall, rejuvenating the park and filling its numerous water bodies. While the park remains closed during this season, it's a critical period for the regeneration of flora.
  • Winter (October to February): Winters are mild and pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 24°C (50°F to 75°F). This is an ideal time to visit Kanha, as the weather is comfortable for wildlife safaris.

Flora and Fauna:

Kanha National Park is renowned for its diverse flora and fauna. Here are some of the park's key highlights:

  • Flora: The park is primarily covered with sal forests, interspersed with bamboo groves and meadows. You'll also find species like mahua, tendu, banyan, and jamun. During the monsoon season, the park becomes a lush green paradise.
  • Fauna: Kanha is home to a wide variety of wildlife, making it a wildlife photographer's dream destination. The Bengal tiger is the star attraction, but you can also spot leopards, Indian wild dogs, Indian gaur, spotted deer, and many bird species, including the Indian roller and crested serpent eagle.

Activities in Kanha National Park:

  • Wildlife Safaris: Jeep safaris and elephant safaris are popular ways to explore the park. Experienced guides will accompany you, increasing your chances of spotting elusive wildlife.
  • Birdwatching: With over 300 bird species, Kanha is a paradise for birdwatchers. Bring your binoculars and enjoy the melodious songs of the Indian paradise flycatcher and Indian pitta.
  • Nature Walks: Take a leisurely stroll through the serene landscapes of Kanha, guided by naturalists who will share insights about the park's flora and fauna.
  • Bamni Dadar Sunset Point: This iconic viewpoint offers panoramic views of the park, especially during sunset. It's a great spot for photography and relaxation.
  • Kanha Museum: Learn more about the park's history, conservation efforts, and the flora and fauna through interactive displays at the Kanha Museum.

Travel Tips:

  • Permits: Entry into Kanha National Park requires permits, and they are limited, so it's advisable to book your safari well in advance.
  • Accommodation: There are various accommodation options both inside and outside the park, catering to different budgets. Be sure to book your stay in advance, especially during the peak season.
  • Pack Appropriately: Dress in earthy tones to blend into the surroundings. Wear comfortable clothing, a hat, and sunscreen for protection from the sun.
  • Respect Wildlife: Maintain a safe distance from animals and avoid making loud noises or sudden movements during safaris.
  • Eco-Friendly Practices: Follow eco-friendly practices, such as avoiding littering and not disturbing the natural habitat.

How to Reach:


In summary, Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh offers a unique opportunity to connect with nature and witness India's incredible wildlife in their natural habitat. Whether you're a wildlife enthusiast, nature lover, or adventure seeker, Kanha has something to offer everyone. Plan your trip carefully, follow ethical wildlife practices, and you'll leave with memories of a lifetime from this enchanting wilderness. Explore Kanha National Park and experience the magic of India's wildlife jewel today!

Kanha National Park

Copyright 2012-2022 Indiamap Digital Pvt Ltd. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy | Terms of Use