Tawa and Madai

Tawa and Madai

Madhya Pradesh, often referred to as the "Heart of India," is a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. With its diverse landscapes and pristine wilderness, the state offers a unique opportunity to explore the untamed beauty of nature. In this article, we will delve into two remarkable wildlife sanctuaries in Madhya Pradesh – Tawa and Madai Wildlife Sanctuaries. These sanctuaries are a haven for various species of flora and fauna, making them a must-visit destination for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers.

Tawa Wildlife Sanctuary

Flora and Fauna:

Tawa Wildlife Sanctuary is renowned for its rich biodiversity, with lush green forests, meandering rivers, and serene landscapes. The sanctuary spans over 213 square kilometers and is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna.

Flora: The sanctuary is predominantly covered with dry deciduous forests, teak trees, and bamboo groves. The diverse flora provides shelter and sustenance to the numerous animal species residing here.

Fauna: Tawa Wildlife Sanctuary is a treasure trove of wildlife. It is home to several endangered and rare species, including:

  • Tigers: The sanctuary is known for its tiger population, making it one of the primary attractions for wildlife enthusiasts.
  • Leopards: Leopards are another apex predator found in the sanctuary. They are elusive creatures and often spotted during nocturnal safaris.
  • Sloth Bears: These shaggy creatures are a delight to watch and are frequently seen in the sanctuary.
  • Sambar Deer: The sanctuary is inhabited by a healthy population of Sambar deer, along with other species such as spotted deer, barking deer, and the elusive mouse deer.
  • Avian Species: Birdwatchers will be delighted by the diverse avian population that includes hornbills, eagles, and various migratory birds during the winter months.


Flora Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary is a botanical marvel with its dense forests that are home to a wide variety of flora. Sal, teak, bamboo, and various medicinal plants dominate the landscape. The sanctuary is also known for its colorful orchids and exotic ferns, creating a lush green canopy that is a treat for the eyes.

Fauna The sanctuary is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts, offering a chance to witness some of India's most magnificent creatures in their natural habitat. Here are some of the incredible species you can encounter:

  • Bengal Tiger Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its resident Bengal tiger population. These elusive creatures are the kings of the jungle and are often spotted by lucky visitors on safari tours.
  • Indian Bison (Gaur) The Indian bison, or Gaur, is another highlight of the sanctuary. These massive herbivores roam freely, and their impressive size and strength are a sight to behold.
  • Sloth Bear The sanctuary is home to a thriving population of sloth bears, making it one of the best places to spot these elusive creatures. Their unique appearance and playful antics are a delight to witness.
  • Leopards Leopards, though shy and elusive, can also be spotted here. Their stealth and beauty make them a sought-after sight for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers.
  • Sambar Deer Pachmarhi is also home to the majestic Sambar deer, a popular prey species for the predators in the region. Their graceful presence adds to the sanctuary's charm.

Madai Wildlife Sanctuary

Flora and Fauna:

Madai Wildlife Sanctuary, covering an area of 355 square kilometers, boasts a unique blend of diverse flora and fauna.

Flora: The sanctuary is predominantly covered with mixed deciduous forests, bamboo thickets, and meadows. The lush greenery provides a serene backdrop to the vibrant wildlife.

Fauna: Madai Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its remarkable biodiversity. Some of the prominent wildlife species found here include:

  • Bison (Gaur): Madai is famous for its healthy population of Indian bison, also known as gaur. These massive herbivores are a sight to behold.
  • Tigers: Though relatively fewer in number compared to Tawa, tigers are the apex predators of the sanctuary.
  • Leopards: Leopards, with their exceptional adaptability, roam the dense forests, providing a thrilling experience for visitors.
  • Wild Dogs (Dholes): These social carnivores can often be seen hunting in packs.
  • Birds: Madai is a haven for birdwatchers, with numerous resident and migratory bird species.


  • Nature Walks: Explore the sanctuary on foot with guided nature walks to observe the flora and fauna up close.
  • Wildlife Safari: Opt for jeep safaris to maximize your chances of encountering the sanctuary's magnificent creatures.
  • Photography: Madai's pristine landscapes and captivating wildlife offer a fantastic backdrop for photography enthusiasts.

Trekking and Nature Trails:

For those seeking a more active experience, Pachmarhi offers a network of well-marked trekking trails that wind through its lush forests. These trails vary in difficulty, making them suitable for both beginners and experienced trekkers. While trekking, you can discover hidden waterfalls, ancient caves, and breathtaking viewpoints that offer panoramic vistas of the surrounding landscape.

How to Reach:

Tawa Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh. It is easily accessible by road, being just 15 kilometers from the city of Itarsi and approximately 140 kilometers from Bhopal, the state capital. The sanctuary is well-connected to major cities, making it a convenient destination for tourists.
Madai Wildlife Sanctuary is nestled in the Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh, approximately 200 kilometers from Jabalpur. The sanctuary is accessible via road, and it's well-connected to nearby cities and towns.


Tawa and Madai Wildlife Sanctuaries in Madhya Pradesh are veritable gems for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. With their rich biodiversity, lush landscapes, and various activities, these sanctuaries provide an unforgettable experience. Whether you're a wildlife photographer seeking the perfect shot or a nature enthusiast looking for a peaceful retreat, these sanctuaries offer something for everyone. Visit Tawa and Madai Wildlife Sanctuaries to witness the magic of India's wildlife in its natural habitat.

Tawa and Madai

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