Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Welcome to Sanjay Gandhi National Park, an enchanting sanctuary nestled in the heart of Maharashtra, India. Spanning over 87 square kilometers, this verdant expanse offers a mesmerizing blend of lush forests, diverse wildlife, and intriguing historical attractions. Join us on a virtual journey through this magnificent park and discover why it is a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers alike.

Introduction to Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Formerly known as Borivali National Park, Sanjay Gandhi National Park is located in the northern part of Mumbai, Maharashtra. Established in 1969, it serves as a green oasis amidst the bustling cityscape, providing a much-needed escape to nature. The park is named after Sanjay Gandhi, the son of former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who was instrumental in its development and conservation efforts.

Biodiversity and Wildlife

One of the most remarkable features of Sanjay Gandhi National Park is its rich biodiversity. The park is home to a wide array of flora and fauna, making it an ecological treasure trove. The dense forest canopy houses over 800 plant species, including medicinal plants, rare orchids, and towering trees.

Moreover, the park boasts an impressive variety of wildlife species. Animal enthusiasts will be thrilled to encounter spotted deer, sambar deer, four-horned antelopes, and the elusive leopard. Birdwatchers will also find delight in spotting over 270 avian species, such as the Malabar pied hornbill, crested serpent eagle, and the elusive paradise flycatcher.

Kanheri Caves: An Ancient Marvel

Deep within the lush greenery of Sanjay Gandhi National Park lies the fascinating Kanheri Caves. These ancient rock-cut caves date back to the 1st century BCE and served as an essential Buddhist learning center. Adorned with intricate carvings, stupas, and inscriptions, the caves offer an insight into the spiritual and architectural brilliance of the bygone era.

Trekking and Adventure Activities

Sanjay Gandhi National Park provides an excellent opportunity for adventure seekers and trekkers to explore its rugged terrain. With a network of trails and pathways, the park offers various trekking options suitable for all levels of enthusiasts. The popular trails include the Shilonda Trail, Bamboo Hut Trail, and the challenging Chena Peak Trail, which rewards trekkers with breathtaking panoramic views of Mumbai and its surroundings.

Tourist Facilities and Eco-Centers

To enhance visitors' experience, the park offers well-maintained tourist facilities and eco-centers. The Interpretation Center provides valuable insights into the park's history, biodiversity, and conservation efforts through interactive displays and exhibits. Additionally, the Nature Information Center offers guided tours and educational programs, making it an excellent destination for school excursions and wildlife workshops.

Conservation and Environmental Initiatives

Sanjay Gandhi National Park takes conservation and environmental preservation seriously. Various initiatives are undertaken to protect its diverse ecosystem and wildlife. The park authorities conduct awareness campaigns, afforestation drives, and wildlife conservation programs to involve the local community in safeguarding this natural treasure.

Plan Your Visit

  • Best Time to Visit: The ideal time to explore the park is during the winter months (November to February) when the weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are more common.
  • Entry Fees: The park charges nominal entry fees for visitors, with separate rates for Indian and foreign tourists. Additional fees may apply for camera usage and vehicles.
  • Safety Measures: While visiting the park, it's essential to follow the guidelines provided by the park authorities. Avoid feeding the animals, maintain a safe distance from wildlife, and refrain from littering to ensure the preservation of the park's pristine environment.

How to Reach

Reaching the park is convenient due to its proximity to Mumbai. Visitors can use public transportation or hire private cabs to access the park's main entrances. The park is well-connected, and signboards provide clear directions to the major attractions within the premises.


Sanjay Gandhi National Park offers a unique blend of natural beauty, wildlife diversity, and historical significance, making it a gem in Maharashtra's crown. From the thrill of spotting wildlife in its natural habitat to the tranquility of ancient caves, the park promises an unforgettable experience for everyone. So, pack your bags, don your trekking shoes, and immerse yourself in the magical world of Sanjay Gandhi National Park. Embark on a journey of discovery, adventure, and wonderment, and create memories that will last a lifetime.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park

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