VaishaliÂ (also known asÂ Vesali) was a city in present-dayÂ Bihar â€“ an East Indian state. The city had been destroyed and is now an archaeological site.
Vaishali also contains one of the best-preserved of theÂ Pillars of Ashoka (one of the pillars built across India by Emperor Ashoka who reigned between 268 to 232 BCE â€“ and who had given up everything and converted to Buddhism).
Vaishali derives its name fromÂ King Vishal, who ruled this land. It was the capital city of theÂ Vajjian ConfederacyÂ of VrijjiÂ mahajanapada that existedÂ around the 6th century BCE.Â
It was an important place in Jain and Buddhist religions. Gautama BuddhaÂ (the founder of Buddhism) is known to have preached his last sermon before his death in c. 483 BCE. TheÂ Second Buddhist councilÂ was convened here by KingÂ Kalasoka in 383 BCE.
The Ashoka pillar that exists here has a lion figure on top. It has since been preserved carefully and exists in Vaishali to this day.
Vaishali is an ancient site full of ruins. Following are some of the significant elements it encompasses:
The entry to the site costs INRÂ 10 per head. For children below the age of15 years,Â entryÂ is free.
The nearest airport toÂ VaishaliÂ is in the capital of Bihar, Patna - the Jay Prakash Narayan Airport, which is well connected to various cities across India and the world, and can be easily reached. From within India, Patna can also be reached by train or bus. From Patna, Vaishali can be reached by road in just around 2 hours.