Barail Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary, located in the southern part of Assam. It lies at an altitude ranging between 55–1500 metres above mean sea level and covers an area of around 326.24 kilometres square. The sanctuary is one of the largest sanctuaries in Assam and is famous for Tropical Moist Evergreen and Semi-Evergreen Forests. It is home to a wide diversity of wildlife and also harbors a high diversity of flora. The sanctuary is also a famous destination for trekkers. The ideal time to visit the place is from the months of October to March.
The vegetation of the sanctuary consists of Ornithochilus Cacharensis (an epiphytic orchid species), Larsenianthus Assamensis (a terrestrial zingiber species), Diospyros Cacharensis (a small deciduous tree belonging to family Ebenaceae), and Alseodaphne Keenanii (a large tree belonging to family Lauraceae).
Mammals: slow loris, hoolock gibbon, capped langur, Assamese macaque, pig-tailed macaque, stump-tailed macaque, rhesus monkey, Himalayan black bear, Malayan sun bear, leopard cat, jungle cat, golden cat, clouded leopard, barking deer, red serow, wild pig.
Birds: White-backed vulture, Slender-billed vulture, Rufous-throated and White-cheeked hill partridges, Grey peacock pheasant, Kaleej pheasant, Great pied hornbill, Oriental pied hornbill, Rufous-necked hornbill, Wreathed hornbill, Austen's brown hornbill.
Reptiles: Burmese Rock Python and King Cobra.
The ideal time to visit the place is from the months of October to March.
Nearest Train Station: The nearest railhead is located at Nagaon Town.
Nearest Airport: The nearest airport is Silchar (Kumbirgram) Airport, located about 40 km away from the sanctuary.
Road Accessibility : The sanctuary can also be reached by road from the town of Karimganj which is 40 km away.