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Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary

A luscious reserve forest of dense green vegetation that covers an area of over 423 square kilometers in the Satara district of Maharashtra, Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary is renowned for its breathtaking topography and diverse flora that provides the perfect environment and habitat for numerous wildlife species to survive and thrive. Located at an altitude of 600m to 1000m above sea level, the region is endowed with several waterbodies such as Kandati, Koyna, and Solashi river which enhance the beauty of the vibrant green wildlife sanctuary.

Being gifted with many heritage sites and natural beauty elements, the sanctuary has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012 and was given the status of a Wildlife Sanctuary in the year 1985. Nestled in the Western Ghats with abundant waterflow and rich vegetation, the wildlife sanctuary is home to a diverse variety of flora and fauna that attracts tourists and wildlife enthusiast throughout the year.

A wide-ranging fauna is found in the sanctuary that is under protection of the state government and forest development authority. Some of the most exotic species found in the sanctuary include the Royal Bengal Tiger and the King Cobra. The tourist attraction of this place is so in fame because the sanctuary also covers the northern parts of Tiger Reserves of the Sahayadri Hills which is a plus point in terms of tourism and attracting visitors from all over the country. Exploring the area through trekking is a must to see the exotic wildlife and the spectacular beauty of the sanctuary that is a delight for the eyes to behold.

Dominant Flora

Anjani, Jambul, Awala, Pisa, Ain, Kinjal, Amba, Kumbha, Bhoma, Chandala, Katak, Umbar, Nana, Jambha, Gela, Bibba, etc.

Dominant Fauna

Mammals: Indian Leopards, Bengal Tigers, Indian Bison, Sambar Deer, Sloth Bears, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, Common Grey Langurs, Indian Giant Squirrels, and Smooth-Coated Otters.

Birds: Rufous Woodpecker, Heart-Spotted Woodpecker, Brown Capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Long-Tailed Nightjar, Crested Goshawk, and Asian Fairy Bluebird.

Reptiles: King Cobra, Indian Pythons, Bufo Koyanansi, and Frog.

Climatic Conditions

The wildlife sanctuary is located in a tropical monsoon climatic region that receives heavy rainfall during the monsoons. The flora thrives during this time of the year and makes the place appear even more splendid. Summers begin from March to June with May being the hottest month and the temperature drops to a low during the month of December and January.

The best time to visit the wildlife sanctuary is from October to March as the weather is predictable and pleasant. The monsoon season is also an ideal time to explore the observable density of the forests and the breathtaking landscape of the area. Though the showers are expected at frequent intervals of time, the lush green topography and the cloud covered hills makes it worthwhile.

How to Reach

Nearest Train Station: The nearest railhead from the sanctuary is in Kolhapur, from where taxis and buses are available to take you to your destination.

Nearest Airport: The nearest airport is in Kolhapur at a distance of 65km from the sanctuary with connectivity to all the major cities. Other airports are in Pune (181km) and Mumbai (250km) from where you can take government buses or hire a cab to the wildlife sanctuary.

Road Accessibility : The sanctuary is well-connected by a road network and has the Kolhapur-Deogarh highway passing through it.

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