Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary is a Wildlife Sanctuary, located on the foothills of the Himalayas, between the Teesta and Mahananda rivers, situated in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal. The sanctuary covers an area of over 159 square kilometres and was started as a game sanctuary in 1955, later got the status of a sanctuary mainly to protect the Indian bison and royal Bengal tiger.
The Sanctuary is bounded by the river Teesta on the east and Mahanadi river on the west. It is managed by Darjeeling Wildlife Division of Government of West Bengal and is noted as the most important sanctuary of North Bengal.
Around 330 different types of plantations have been recorded in the Sanctuary that include Khair, sisoo, simul, teak, udal, champ, lali, jarul, gamar, mandane, etc.
Mammals: Himalayan Black Bear, Leopards, Sambar, Barking Deer, Indian bison, /monkeys and many more.
Birds: Fairy-bluebird, Himalayan pied hornbill, wagtails, bee-eaters, swallows, sunbirds, rollers, robins, flycatchers, swift, thrush, drongo, kites, eagles, hornbills, orioles, peacock, fouls, egrets, kingfishers, wood pickers, etc.
The Sanctuary experiences three seasons - Summer, winter and monsoon. The temperature during Summer reaches upto 39°C, below 3°C in winters and a heavy rainfall during the monsoon.
Nearest Train Station: New Jalpaiguri and Siliguri Railway Station are the nearest railway stations. After arriving at Siliguri or New Jalpaiguri, a shared taxi or a private vehicle can be hired to reach the Sanctuary
Nearest Airport: The Nearest airport is Bagdogra. From the airport, a taxi can be hired to reach Siliguri which is just 13 km away and then again a shared taxi or a private vehicle can be hired to reach the Sanctuary.
Road Accessibility : The Sanctuary is well connected by road with Darjeeling, Siliguri and other towns of North Bengal. Sukna is the gateway to the sanctuary which is just 13 Km away from Siliguri.