Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, also called Kamrup Sanctuary, is a wildlife sanctuary, situated at the foot of the Himalayas on the eastern bank of the Manas River in the Indian state of Assam. It was established in 1928, having an area of some 520 square kilometres. The Sanctuary was declared a World Heritage Site in December 1985 by UNESCO. The Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife and noted for its spectacular scenery, with a variety of habitat types that support a diverse fauna, making it the richest of all Indian wildlife areas. It derived its name from the Manas River, which is a major tributary of Brahmaputra River, that passes through the heart of the Sanctuary.
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is home to many trees. Some of them include Aphanamixis polystachya, Anthocephalus chinensis, Syzygium cumini, Syzygium formosum, Syzygium oblatum, Bauhinia purpurea, Mallotus philippensis, Cinnamomum tamala, Actinodaphne obvata, Bombax ceiba, Sterculia villosa, Dillenia indica, Dillenia pentagyna, Careya arborea and many more.
Around 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 50 of reptiles, and 3 species of amphibians have been recorded by the Sanctuary.
Mammals: Indian elephants, Indian rhinoceros, gaurs, wild water buffaloes, barasingha, Indian tigers, Indian leopards, clouded leopards, Asian golden cats, jungle cat, leopard cat, fishing cat, etc.
Birds: Bengal florican, great hornbills, jungle fowls, bulbuls, brahminy ducks, kalij pheasants, egrets, pelicans, fishing eagles, crested serpent-eagles, falcons, etc.
The Wildlife Sanctuary experiences a minimum temperature of around 15 °C and the maximum temperature of around 37 °C. During the monsoon, heavy rainfall occurs between the months of May and September.
Nearest Train Station: Barpeta Road Railway Station is the closest major railway station, from the railway station, taxis can be taken to reach the Sanctuary.
Nearest Airport: : Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport is the nearest airport which is 91 kms from Manas Wildlife Sanctuary.
Road Accessibility : Manas is accessible from Guwahati which is 176 km, Kaziranga (403 km), Darjeeling (466 km), Shillong (287 km) and Siliguri (386 km.) by road.