Singalila National Park

Witness the breathtaking and picturesque landscape of Darjeeling district in West Bengal while also exploring the dense forests of Singalila National Park endowed with wide-ranging flora and fauna. Sangalila National Park was established in the year 1986 with a total area of 78.60 square kilometers. The national park forms the part of the eastern Himalayas and joins the border of Nepal to the west and the state of Sikkim to the north. Sitting atop a height of 1900m to 3630m from sea level, the park inhabits some rare and exotic animal and floral species which attracts thousands of visitors throughout the year.

The landscape is filled with temperate and alpine vegetation stretching up to the snow-capped mountains. The mountainous topography, intersected by numerous streams supports a subtropical climate leading to tree growth beyond the snowline unlike in the western Himalayas. The park is abode to animal species such as Clouded Leopard, Barking Deer, Elephant, Chinkara, Black Bear, etc., and birds like Kalij Pheasant, Red-throated Hill Partridge, Splendor Billed Babbler, etc. Apart from the exotic flora and fauna, Singalila National Park is also known for its breathtaking views of the mighty Himalayas from Nepal to Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh up to Bhutan when you embark on the Sandakphu-Phalut trek. The sunset and sunrise views from Sandakphu are out of this world and travelers come from different parts of the globe to capture this spectacular natural phenomenon. You can also take a jeep from the park to Sandakphu through the gravel road.

The park is most visited by travelers and nature enthusiasts for its wild trekking trails and trekking during the spring season enhances the experience as during this time the orchids and rhododendrons are in full bloom. The four popular mountains which are above 8000m besides K2 can be viewed from the Sandakphu-Phalut area. So, when making a trip to West Bengal, make sure you head towards Darjeeling to explore Singlila National Park and its marvelous beauty.

Dominant Flora

Bamboo, Oak, Magnolia, Rhododendron, Primula, Geranium, Saxifraga, Bistort, Senecio, Cotoneaster, etc. Sandakphu is known as the ‘Mountain of Poisonous Plants’ because of the large concentration of Himalayan Cobra Lilies which are found here.

Dominant Fauna

Mammals: Red Panda, Leopard Cat, Barking Deer, Yellow Throated Marten, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Himalayan Black Bear, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Serow Takin, Tiger, etc.

Birds: Blood Pheasant, Rufous-bellied Woodpecker, Himalayan Griffon, Steppe Eagle, Golden Eagle, Spotted Nutcracker, Plan-backed Thrush Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, Blue-cappedRedstart, White-throated Redstart, Eurasian Tree Creeper, Buff-barred Warbler, Blyth’s Leaf Warbler, Black-eared Shrike Babbler, black-throated Parrot Bill, Alpine Accentor, Robin Accentor, Brown Accentor, White-winged Grosbeak, Little Bunting, etc.

Climatic Conditions

The average temperature in Singalila National Park in April for a typical day range from a high of 39 degrees Celsius and a low of 25 degrees Celsius. It’s usually a warm weather with gentle breeze. Winters can be as cold as 10 degrees Celsius in January.

The best time to visit the park is between October and April as the weather is pleasant with no or little rain to create hurdles in trekking. The flowers also are in full bloom to enhance the landscape of the park.

How to Reach

Nearest Train Station: The nearest railway station is Ghum railway station. Taxis and buses are available from the station to take you to the perk.

Nearest Airport: The nearest airport is Bagdogra airport which is well-connected by a road network to the national park and all the places and cities in West Bengal.

Road Accessibility : The Singalila National Park is well-connected by road network to all the neighboring places and cities. The nearest town is Manebhanjan and the rearrest highway is NH31A (Sivok-Gangtok) which passes through Darjeeling.

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