Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

Welcome to Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary, a hidden gem nestled in the lush forests of Goa. This sanctuary is a testament to Goa's natural beauty, offering a haven for wildlife enthusiasts, trekkers, and nature lovers. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the captivating wonders of Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary, its diverse flora and fauna, and provide you with detailed information on how to reach this sanctuary.

About Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary, previously known as the Mollem National Park, is situated in the Western Ghats of Goa, India. Covering an area of approximately 240 square kilometers, this sanctuary is the largest protected area in the state. Established in 1969, it was named after Lord Mahavir, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, symbolizing its spiritual and ecological significance.

Flora and Fauna

  • Flora: The sanctuary is a botanical paradise, boasting a rich diversity of plant species. The Western Ghats are home to numerous rare and endemic plant species, and Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is no exception. You can find towering trees like the teak, rosewood, and ironwood. The forest floor is adorned with lush undergrowth and various species of orchids, ferns, and mosses.
  • Fauna: The sanctuary is a sanctuary for wildlife, housing a remarkable variety of animals and birds. Among the notable residents are the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Indian bison, sambar deer, spotted deer, and wild boar. Birdwatchers will be delighted to spot birds like the Malabar pied hornbill, crested serpent eagle, and golden oriole. The sanctuary is also home to several species of snakes, including the King Cobra.

Activities for Nature Enthusiasts

  • Trekking: Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary offers excellent trekking opportunities for adventure seekers. The most popular trekking trail is the Dudhsagar Waterfalls trek, which leads you to the stunning Dudhsagar Falls.
  • Wildlife Safaris: To observe the sanctuary's wildlife up close, you can opt for guided wildlife safaris. These safaris provide an opportunity to spot elusive animals and learn about the ecosystem from knowledgeable guides.
  • Bird Watching: The sanctuary is a paradise for birdwatchers. Carry your binoculars and camera to capture the diverse avian species that inhabit the lush forests.
  • Photography: The sanctuary's breathtaking landscapes, lush greenery, and diverse wildlife make it a haven for photographers. Capture the mesmerizing moments of nature at its best.

Accommodation Options

  • Forest Rest Houses: The sanctuary offers basic forest rest houses for those who want to experience the wilderness up close. These rest houses provide a unique opportunity to stay within the sanctuary premises.
  • Resorts and Hotels: There are several resorts and hotels in the nearby towns of Dudhsagar and Mollem, offering comfortable accommodation options for travelers.

Entry Fees and Timings

  • Entry Fee: The entry fee for Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is usually nominal, with separate charges for Indian and foreign tourists.
  • Timings: The sanctuary is open throughout the year, but it's advisable to visit during the post-monsoon season (October to March) for the best experience.

Tips for Visitors

  • Ensure you obtain the necessary permits and follow the rules and regulations of the sanctuary.
  • Wear appropriate clothing and footwear for trekking and wildlife safaris.
  • Carry essentials such as water, insect repellent, and sunscreen.
  • Maintain a respectful distance from the wildlife and refrain from littering.

How to Reach:

Getting to Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is relatively easy, with multiple transportation options:

  • By Air: The nearest airport to the sanctuary is Dabolim Airport in Goa, approximately 50 kilometers away. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the sanctuary.
  • By Train: The nearest railway station is Kulem, which is well-connected to major cities like Mumbai and Pune. From Kulem, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to reach the sanctuary.
  • By Road: Goa has an excellent road network, making it accessible by road from various cities in India. You can reach the sanctuary by car or by taking a bus from major cities like Panaji, Margao, or Vasco da Gama. The sanctuary is approximately 60 kilometers from Panaji.


Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary in Goa is a natural wonderland waiting to be explored. With its lush forests, diverse wildlife, and exciting activities, it promises an unforgettable experience for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike. Whether you're a wildlife lover, a trekking enthusiast, or simply seeking tranquility in nature, this sanctuary has something to offer everyone. Plan your visit to Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and immerse yourself in the pristine beauty of Goa's wilderness.

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

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