Aguada Fort

Aguada Fort

Once renowned as one of the biggest freshwater reservoirs in Asia,Aguada Fort is the crowning beauty of Portuguese legacy in Goa, India. More than 400 years old, Fort Aguada was built in 1612 and overlooks the Mandovi River and the Arabian Sea.The fort was built in 1612 to protect the Portuguese colony from Dutch and Maratha attacks and is located on a peninsula in Bardez. Its name, "Aguada," comes from the Portuguese word for water, as it was an important source of freshwater for sailors, with a capacity of up to 2,376,000 gallons of water. The fort never ceases to attract tourists with its splendid beauty and rich history and its main attraction being a four-storied lighthouse that offers a spectacular view of the sunset. The grandeur of the fort can be imagined by witnessing its formidable citadel, gun powder storage, iron studded doors, secret passages, and a capacity to house 200 cannons in the upper part.The fort has also served as a jail, and there is a statue outside honoring freedom fighters which adds a patriotic touch to the fort. The brilliant architecture and stunning views of the Arabian Sea makes the fort one of the best tourist destinations to visit in Goa.

Entry Fee and Timings

Timing – 9:30am to 6pm

Entry Fee – Free

Location – Candolim, North Goa


The Aguada Fort traces its origin to 1609during the Portuguese rule when it was constructed to protect the Portuguese empire from the Dutch and Marathas. The construction took three years, and the fort was completed in 1912 under the management of Viceroy RuyTavara. The word Aguada translates to freshwater in Portuguese language which is from where the fort derives its name because of a freshwater spring located within it.

The fort was strategically built at the mouth of the Mandovi River, and it was equipped with a freshwater spring, which was essential for the sailors and troops. It was built using red laterite stone, and it has a massive, four-story lighthouse tower that was used to guide ships and boats to the harbor.During the Portuguese colonial rule, the fort was used as a prison, and it housed many political prisoners, including the former Viceroys of Goa. The fort was also used to store ammunition, food, and water supplies for the Portuguese navy.In 1961, when the Indian army invaded Goa, the Portuguese forces surrendered without a fight, and the fort was handed over to the Indian army.

In 1864, a four-storied lighthouse was constructed within the fort’s premises which helped the ships and vessels sailing from Europe to use it as a reference point. This lighthouse was later abandoned in 1976 and was closed for public viewing, but a new lighthouse was erected in the premises which is ow called Aguada Lighthouse. The fort has been well-maintained, and visitors can explore the fort's underground water storage chambers, the lighthouse tower, and the old prison cells. Today, the fort is a popular tourist attraction, and it is also used by the Indian Navy as a signal station.The fort also offers panoramic views of the Arabian Sea and is a perfect spot to watch the sunset.


The Aguada Fort is a spectacular specimen of the Portuguese military style of architecture combined with the Indian architectural style. The fort is situated on a hill overlooking the Arabian Sea and has a lighthouse, a moat, and underground water storage facilities.The fort was built using laterite stone, which is a red or brownish-colored rock that was abundant in Goa.The walls of the fort are 5 meters high and 1.3 meters wide, with bastions at intervals. The bastions have circular towers, which were used as watchtowers and for defense purposes.

Aguada fort is categorized into two parts – the upper part and the lower part. The upper part was meant to serve as a fort along with a huge watering station, while the lower part was expanded to have a safe berth for the Portuguese ships. The fort has two entrances, one from the landward side and the other from the seaward side. The landward entrance is protected by a drawbridge, and the seaward entrance has a vaulted tunnel that leads to the fort's inner courtyard.The fort's inner courtyard has a large cistern that was used to store water which was one of the largest freshwater storages in Asia. The cistern has a capacity of around 10 million liters of water and was designed to provide water to the fort's occupants in case of a siege.

The lighthouse at the fort is a prominent feature and is one of the oldest in Asia. It was built in 1864 and stands at a height of 13 meters. The lighthouse was originally powered by kerosene lamps but was later electrified in the early 20th century. The fort complex also features a gunpowder room, bastions, and a moat. There is also a secret passage that was constructed to help the occupants escape in case of any crisis or war.

Things to See in the Aguada Fort Complex
Facts About Aguada Fort
Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Fort Aguada and Goa, in general, is between November and February when the weather is pleasant, and the humidity is low. During this time, the temperature rangesbetween 20 to 30 degrees Celsius, making it ideal for exploring the fort and the beaches nearby.

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Aguada Fort

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Why is Aguada Fort famous?

The fort is an example of Portuguese military style and Italian style of architecture and was built to protect the Portuguese from the invasions. It is so big that it envelops the entire peninsula at the southwestern tipoff Bardez.

Who built Aguada Fort?

The fort was built by the Portuguese during their rule in Goa in 1612 for protection from the invasion of Dutch and Marathas.

Is Aguada fort north or south Goa?

Aguada fort is in north Goa in Candolim.

Is there any entry fee for Aguada fort?

No, there is no entry fee for Aguada fort.

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