Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary is the largest sanctuary in the Bihar state, located in Kaimur District of Bihar, near the town of Bhabua. It covers an area of about 1,342 square kilometres. The Sanctuary is being planned to be developed into Tiger Reserve by the Government of Bihar. It has several waterfalls, of which the finest are, Karkat Waterfall and Telhar. The Sanctuary not only has a vast variety of flora and fauna, but also has a treasure of pre historic caves, rare fossils and rock paintings, which shows the life of people of ancient civilization.
The flora of the sanctuary is populated by mosaic grassland, tropical dry deciduous forest, swampy marshes, Indian rosewood, teak, saal, jamun, salai, siddha, koraiya and jheengar, dense forest of Bamboo, Palas, Khair, Mahua and Dhau.
Mammals: Bengal Tigers, Indian leopards, Indian boars, Sloth bears, Sambar Deers, Chitals, Four-horned Antelope, Nilgais, etc.
Birds: Peafowl, Grey Partridge, Quail, Malabar, Pied Hornbill, Swallow, Nightjar, Drongo, Paradise Flycatcher, Kingfisher, Bulbul, Mynas, Pigeon, Blue Jay, Owl, Falcon, Kites, etc.
Reptiles: Cobra, Kraits and Pythons.
The Sanctuary experiences hot summer during which the temperature varies from 27 degrees Celsius to 45 degrees Celsius, whereas the range of temperature during winter exists between 6 degree Celsius and 26 degrees Celsius. The best time to visit the sanctuary is from the months of October to March.
Nearest Train Station: Nearest railway stations are Sasaram (about 50 km away), Dehri-on-Son, and Bhabhua.
Nearest Airport: The nearest airport is at Varanasi, located about 112 km away from the sanctuary.
Road Accessibility : It is well connected by road from Varanasi and Mirzapur. The nearest town, Robertsganj, is connected by bus services or pre hired taxis can also be hired to reach the sanctuary.