Abode to the largest populace of the one-horned rhino on the planet, the Kaziranga National Park is located in the North-Eastern state of Assam and is a treasure trove of India in terms of the diverse flora and fauna. The total area of the park is shared by three districts – Nagaon, Golaghat, and Karbi Anglong, placing it almost in the middle of the state. In 1985, Kaziranga National Park was declared as the Kaziranga National Park in 1968 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1974 and stands tall with all its natural glory and the epitome of successful wildlife conservation in India.
Nestled on the valleys of the expansive Brahmaputra River, the Kaziranga National Park is covered with a thick blanket of lush green vegetation with the contrast of colorful floral species splattered everywhere. The area receives a huge amount of rainfall every year, sometimes crossing dangerous levels, which results in a magnificent green landscape characterized by tall elephant grass, marshlands, and tall tropical broadleaf forests. The fauna in the habitat that thrives here includes the one-horned rhino, Asiatic elephants, wild water buffalo, leopards, and Royal Bengal Tigers. The national park is also a Tiger Reserve and inhabits one of the largest populations of tigers. The place does not disappoint when it comes to spotting a variety of birds as well. The park is a popular spot for migratory birds from the North such as the black-nested stork, the lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, and Baer’s pochard duck to name a few. Other popular birds which decorate the sky includes the Great Indian Hornbill and Wreathed Hornbill among others.
Travelers can enjoy the Kaziranga National Park by taking a safari ride during the day as well as at night when the tourist season is in the boom. A paradise for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers, the park is spread in 430sq. km and can be explored through elephant rides. Hiking and trekking are activities that are barred here to avoid fatalities and good care is taken of the park to maintain its charm so that tourism and natural sustainability go hand in hand.
The Kaziranga National Park has a Tropical moist mixed deciduous forests and Tropical semi-evergreen forests which consists of tall grasses, open jungle, and short grasses. Mainly four types of vegetation can be seen here which are alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests. Kumbhi, Indian Gooseberry, the cotton tree, and elephant Apple are some of the famous trees that are found here. Also, a good variety of aquatic flora can be seen in lakes, ponds, and in the river shores.
Animals: One Horned Rhinoceros (1855), Wild Water Buffalo (1666), Eastern Swamp Deer (468), Elephants, Gaur, Sambar, Indian Muntjac, Wild Boar, Indian Grey Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Large Indian Civet, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Wild cats.
Birds: Lesser White-Fronted Goose, Ferruginous Duck, Baer’s Pochard Duck, Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, Black-Necked Stork, Asian Openbill Stork, Blyth’s Kingfisher, White-Bellied Heron, Dalmatian Pelican, Spot-Billed Pelican, Nordmann’s Greenshank, Black-Bellied Tern, Indian Vulture, Slender-Billed Vulture, and Indian White-Rumped Vulture.
The climatic conditions in this area of Assam are moderate to low with the temperature ranging from 11 degrees Celsius in winters to 33 degrees during the summer days. The area of the park experiences heavy rainfall most of the time throughout the year and the monsoons can be very heavy with high humidity with an average rainfall of 2300mm to 3800mm.
The best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is between November to April since the monsoons can be dangerously heavy, the area floods with water in the months of June, July, and August. The water starts receding in September and October and the tourist season begins from November again.
Nearest Train Station: Guwahati Railway Station is the nearest broad gauge train station to Kaziranga and takes 4-hour drive to reach Kaziranga by road. The nearest railway station however, is the Furkating Railway Station which is 97km from Kaziranga and takes only an hour to reach Kaziranga.
Nearest Airport: There are total 5 airports near Kaziranga and the nearest one is the Jorhat Airport which is 72km away. The nearest International Airport is the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati.
Road Accessibility : Bus services are available from all the nearby cities of Kaziranga and Assam.