Gol Gumbaz is a mausoleum – which holds the tomb of king Mohammed Adil Shah of the Adil Shahi Dynasty that ruled the Vijayapura region in Karnataka between 1489 and 1686 A.D.
Construction of the Gol Gumbaz began in the year 1626 and was completed in 1656. It was designed by Yaqut of Dabul – a famous architect of that time in the region.
The name of the monument is based on "Gol Gumbadh”, derived from "Gola Gummata" which means "circular dome".
The Gol Gumbaz follows the style of Indo-Islamic architecture.
The structure is composed of a cube, 156 feet on each side, and a roof of144 ft (in diameter). the dome is supported by 8 intersecting arches that provide a support through their interlocking.
At each of the four corners of the cube, a dome-capped octagonal tower rests, each seven stories high with a staircase inside. The dome is one of the largest domes constructed before the modern era. Inside the mausoleum, there is a polygon shaped hall, with steps on each side; and a large gallery.
Even slight whispers or small sounds like clapping or footsteps made here can be heard everywhere else in the gallery, with echoes reverberating through the place.
There is also a museum within the complex, which was established in 1892, during the British rule in India.
Vijayapura, where Gol Gumbaz is located, has no airport of its own; so, to visit Gol Gumbaz people will either need to get to Belgaum Airport which is the nearest airport, located about 200 km away from the site or to Bengaluru city, the capital city of Karnataka state, which is a popular city; and Bengaluru’s airport – Kempegowda International airport - is largely connected to other cities across the country and the world, and is easy to reach.
The city also has various railway stations like Majestic, Bangalore cantonment railway station and Yeshwantpur railway station – which get trains connecting to various major cities in India. It takes around 10 hours to reach Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur from Bengaluru city by road.
The entry ticket for Gol Gumbaz costs INR 20 for Indian nationals, and SAARC and BIMSTEC citizens, and INR 200 for tourists/citizens visiting from other countries. The entry fee is not applicable to children below 15 years of age.
The crypt and the resting place of Mohammed Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur, this splendid circular dome monument was constructed in 1656 according to the Indo-Islamic Deccan architecture in Karnataka. Constructed out of Dark Grey Basalt, Gol Gumbaj is renowned for its dimensions and acoustic features which makes even the slightest sound heard even on the other side of the monument.