Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Located 12km north of the districts of Tinsukia and Dibrugarh in the floodplains of River Brahmaputra in Assam, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is an eye-pleasing place that boasts of a rich variety of flora and fauna, many of which are in danger of extinction. The national park is one of the few protected sites that are left in the Prevalent Bird Area of the Assamese Plains. It is a river island national park and one of the 19 biodiversity hotspots in the world.

The park is made up of seven different parts out of which one is a wetland and the other six are mostly covered with grasslands and dense forest. The place is known as a Paradise for Bird Watchers and nature where you can give pleasure to your eyes by witnessing some of the rarest and diverse bird species of the world. The national park comprises semi-wet evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forest, bamboo, crane brakes, and grasslands which makes it a heavenly place for nature and wildlife lovers with its spectacular natural beauty and a wide-ranging flora and fauna. The park was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in 1986 by combining Dibru Reserve Forest and Saikhowa Reserve Forest. In 1997, Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve was declared with an area of 340sq. km and finally it was declared a National Park in 1999 spreading in an area of 350sq. kilometers.

Situated at the plains of Brahmaputra River, the diverse and rich flora and fauna at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is an effect of the amalgamation of eight different rivers that bring with them fertile soil rich in nutrients. The park has no roads so trekking is one option to explore the area or you can take a boat ride and take in the exquisite beauty of the place. If you are lucky, you might spot some River Dolphins in your excursion.

Dominant Flora

Some of the dominant flora in this region at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park are Dillenia Indica, Bischofia Javanica, Bombax Cieba, Lagerstroemia Parviflora, Terminalia Myriocarpa, Mesua Ferrea, Dalbergia Sissoo, Ficus, and Kekjori Tree which is considered as the largest immortal tree species in the world.

Dominant Fauna

Birds : White Winged Wood Duck, Ruddy Shelduck, Cormorants, Drongos, Kingfishers, Hornbills, Mynasa, Bar Headed Geese, Purple Swamphens, Greater Adjutant Stork, Baer’s Pochard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Jerdon’s Babbler, Spot Billed, Black Breasted Parrotbill, Pale Capped Pigeon, Bengal Florican, etc.

Animals : Asiatic Wild Water Buffaloes, Feral Horses (bright colored wild horses), Clouded Leopard, Bengal Tiger, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Pig Tailed Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Asian Elephant, Wild Boar, Sambar Deer, Hof Deer, Barking Deer, Dhole, etc.

Reptiles : Two species of Monitor Lizard, eight Turtle species and eight snake species are found here.

Climatic Conditions

The climatic conditions in this area of Assam are moderate with the temperature ranging from 11 degrees Celsius in winters to 33 degrees during the summer days. The area experiences heavy rainfall most of the time throughout the year and the monsoons can be very heavy with high humidity with an average rainfall of 2300mm to 3800mm.

The ideal time to visit the national park would be from October to March for the bird watchers which is the main attraction of the park and for those who love trekking. This is the time when the rainfall is less comparatively and the weather is also pleasant for long treks.

How to Reach

Nearest Airport : Mohanbari (Dibrugarh) is the nearest airport from the park at a distance of 40km from Tinsukia town. Flights are accommodated from most of the major cities and taxis are available outside the airport to reach your desired destination.

Nearest Train Station : The nearest train station is in Dibrugarh which passes through the town of Tinsukia. You can take the Rajdhani express from Delhi or other trains from the major cities of India. Taxis are available to take you to your destination.

Road Accessibility : You can take the bus for the Tinsukia town which is well connected with Dibrugarh by NH37 at a distance of 55km. However, due to the lack of maintenance of roads, the journey might be a bit uncomfortable.

Other Attractions

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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