One of the sanctuaries of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Galathea National Park is a stunning landscape of fresh green forests and is nestled away as a part of the larger Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve. The geographical location of the National Park is at the Great Nicobar Island which is the largest Island among the Nicobar Islands, to the south of the Andaman archipelago, and was declared a National Park in 1992. Spreading for about 110kilometeres, the park is renowned for its lush flora and exotic fauna. Even the journey from Port Blair is a journey one would remember for days to come.
The park is without a doubt a paradise for the nature paramours with a thick blanket of tropical forests and the lush and colorful vegetation gives the park a striking beauty that cannot be overlooked. The distinct variety of flora and fauna in the park are all exquisite to look at and are striking than the other. The visitors can even enjoy various activities in and near the park such as a picnic and a day excursion, handicraft exhibits organized in the park peculiar to the Shompen tribe who are native to the area, and several adventurous activities such as snorkeling, scuba diving, boating, sea walk, etc.
Upon arriving in the park, make sure you perch yourself atop a watchtower and witness the breathtaking landscape in front of your sight and listen to the chirping and singing of various types of birds that are found only in this tropical region. A trip to Galathea National Park is a life-altering experience that gives travelers a chance to get mingled with nature and enjoy its pristine presence.
The flora here is the tropical and subtropical type consisting of moist broadleaf forests and bushy mangroves. The park is home to miscellaneous plant species and trees including Mesua Ferrea, Pterocarpus Indicus, Euphorbia sp., Guettarda Speciosa, Dendrocalamus, Calophyllum, Inophyllum, and Albizia Lebbeck are amongst the others.
Animals: Crab eating Macaques, Giant Leatherback Turtles, Salt Water Crocodiles, Water Monitor Lizards, Robber Crabs, Malayan Box Turtle, Reticulated Pythons, Nicobar Tree Shrews, Palm Civets and Fruit Bats.
Birds: Green Imperial Pigeon, Nicobar Pigeon, Nicobar Scrub-Fowl, Edible Nest Swiftlet, Megapode and different species of the Sea Eagle.
The general climatic condition atGalathea National Park is acute hot and humid tropical climate and the Park experiences only summers and monsoons. The temperatures soar to a high degree during the summers but the monsoons bring a sigh of relief from the scorching heat. However, the monsoons in the park bring heavy rainfall of about 3000mm to 3800mm which makes it a bit hard to access it.
The park can be visited any time of the year but the most feasible time would be from October to April when the weather is pleasant and conducive for travelling.
Nearest Train Station: The nearest railway station is situated at Chennai in Tamil Nadu, as the islands are not accessible by train.
Nearest Airport: The nearest aiport from the park is at Port Blair from where flights are accessible all day from Chennai and Kolkata. The distance from Port Blair to Galathea National Park is 540km which has to be taken through a boat.
Road Accessibility : The park is not accessible by Roadways. You will have to take a ferry ride or a helicopter ride from Chennai to reach Port Blair.