Endowed with stunning panoramic views and a picturesque landscape, Guru Ghasidas National Park is situated in the Koriya district of Chhattisgarh. A part of the former Sanjay National Park, Guru Ghasidas Park is one of the most significant and uniquely marked protected areas of Chhattisgarh. The park was formed after the bifurcation of Chhattisgarh from Madhya Pradesh into an independent state and has sixty percent of the area in the Koriya district of Chhattisgarh.
The national park covers an area of 1440.71sq. km and was given the status of a national park in the year 1981. This area of the park is the outcome of the divergence of Chhattisgarh from Madhya Pradesh in the year 2000 and is named after a Satnami activist of the place, Guru Ghasidas. The area that falls in the Koriya district in Chhattisgarh is the catchment area and abode to various small rivers and streams that give life to the lush green forest cover, which makes up for a perfect habitat for an exquisite and varied collection of wildlife and floral species on the Deccan Plateau in India. Before the division of Madhya Pradesh and the formation of Chhattisgarh, the park was known as Sanjay National Park but then in 2000, most of it went to the new state and was renamed Guru Ghasidas National Park. In June 2011, the park was proposed as a Tiger Reserve by its Chief Minister.
The national park lies between two tiger reserves – Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh) and Palamu Tiger Reserve (Jharkhand). This makes it more important because it acts as a corridor for the tigers moving between two reserves. Guru Ghasidas National Park is a web of thick canopies and several small streams cutting through the forests that inhabit a distinct variety of flora and fauna which catches the eyes of nature lovers and leisure travelers as well. The park is a wonderful place to explore and the best way to do that is through safaris which is the highlight of the park while picnics are also allowed inside the premises with a stunning and spectacular backdrop for photography.
The park has all kinds of old, new, and unique varieties of floral species gracing its stunning landscape. Forests are mostly covered with different species of Teak, Sal, and Bamboo trees along with some other variants like Gurjan, Palas, Tendu, Mahua, Saja, Salai, Bija, Sisham, Achar, Kari, Khair, Palas, and small plats and shrubs throughout the forested area.
Mammals: Tiger, Leopard, Chital, Nilgai, Chinkara, Jackal, Sambar, Four-Horned Antelope, Jungle Cat, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Monkey, Bison, Striped Hyena, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Spotted Deer, Civet, Wild Boar, etc.
Birds: Parakeets, Bulbuls, Wagtail, Munia, Kingfishers, Barbet, Red-Headed Vulture, Golden Hooded Oriole, Lesser Adjutant, Indian Pitta, Rufus-treepie, Racket-Tailed Drongo, etc.
Reptiles: Cobra, Monitor Lizard, Python, Snakes, etc.
Guru Ghasidas National Park has a tropical climate with the summers being scorching hot and the temperature rising up to 42 degrees Celsius at daytime and 30 degrees Celsius during the night. The temperature during the winter may range from 20 degrees to 12 degrees and the monsoons bring with them huge amount of rainfall averaging to 1400mm that makes the park appear even more beautiful.
The ideal time to visit the Guru Ghasidas National Park is between the months of November to April. The weather during this time is pleasant to explore the park with little to no rain and it is easier to spot the wildlife in their natural habitat.
By Air: The nearest airports are Jabalpur airport in Madhya Pradesh or Ranchi airport in Jharkhand at a distance of 220km and 250km respectively from Ghasidas National Park. Both of the airports are well connected through a road network to the national park.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Jaora railway station at a distance of 20km from the national park. You will get taxis from the station that will take you to your destinations.
By Road: Ghasidas National Park is well-connected to all the major cities and places by road. Government and private vehicles travel at frequent intervals to Ghasidas National Park.