Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. The state is bordered by the Indian state of Bihar to its north, Uttar Pradesh to its north-west, West Bengal to its east, Chhattisgarh to its west and Odisha to its south.
It is the 15th largest state in India by area, and the 14th largest by population. The name “Jharkhand” literally translates to 'The Land of forests or Land of bushes' – and as the name suggests, it has many forests that are well-maintained and preserved.
Jharkhand is rich in natural resources and contributes to about 40% of the total mineral production of India.
Jharkhand state was formed in the year 2000, by carving out some regions from the state of Bihar, which it was previously part of – as a result of a demand for a separate state by the Adivasis and some non-tribal communities in the region.
Ranchi, the largest city in the carved-out region was made the official capital of Jharkhand.
Jharkhand has about 578 cities and towns. Ranchi is its capital city.
Other major cities and towns of Jharkhand include: Jamshedpur, Bokaro (steel city), Dhanbad, Deogarh, Hazaribagh, Dumka, Ramgarh cantonment, Daltonganj.
The state of Jharkhand has a population of about 3.19 Crores (as of 2020). The religious people here mostly follow Hinduism (67.8% people), followed by Islam (14.5%) and Christianity (4.3%). Sarnaism (a religion or tradition of worshipping a village deity) is also followed by more than 12% of the population.
Jharkhand is known for its bright and peppy traditions, intriguing culture, paintings and vivid art scene, and festive celebrations soaked in traditions.
The important festivals of Jharkhand include: Karam, Sarna and Nawakhani (major harvest festivals of the state) and Sohrai (a cattle festival). Other common festivals like Dussehra and Diwali are also celebrated in the state.
Jharkhand has many folk dances that are performed regularly in the state, such as: Jhumair, Chhau, and Domkach. The state also has a tattoo tradition called Godna, which is part of its culture.
Hindi is the official language of the state of Jharkhand. Besides Hindi, people in different regions within the state have their own languages and dialects, such as: Nagpuri, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi and Bhojpuri.
The staple foods of Jharkhand are rice, dal (pulses) and vegetables, especially and tubers (potatoes, yams).
Popular dishes from the cuisine of Jharkhand include:
Trains, Planes and Buses are major modes of inter-city transportation within Jharkhand. For travel within cities, there are many other modes such as buses, auto-rickshaws and private vehicles like 2-wheelers and cars, or even walking and cycling.
Airports – Jharkhand currently has only 2 functional airports – 1 domestic airport connecting to other states and cities in the country, and 1 International airport connecting to cities within the state as well as other parts of the country.
Railway Stations – Bihar has a total of 310 train terminals/railway stations (at least one for each city/town, and more than 1 in some cities) that connect to other cities and towns within the state as well as those in other states in the country. Some of the major train terminals and junctions in the state are:
Bus Terminals – Jharkhand has many interstate buses run by private as well as government companies. These include “Jharkhand Paryatak” buses which can be boarded at stops/terminals that are available in every division and town in the state. The prominent town/city bus terminals in the state are located in almost every city and town in Jharkhand - they can be easily found and are conveniently accessible.
Jharkhand is known for its waterfalls, elegant temples, National Parks and of course, forests. Some interesting places to visit and explore in Jharkhand are:
Some great places in Bihar for a weekend getaway or short vacation are –
Jharkhand has a lot to offer the adventure lovers too. There are many hilly terrains and landscapes in the state that have slowly become hubs of adventurous experiences, such as –
Some places of historical significance Jharkhand that will interest history and archaeology enthusiasts as well as photography lovers are –