Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta is the capital of India's West Bengal state.
The city is known for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries and cultural festivals.
The tram system of the city started in the year 1902 is the oldest tram network operating in India. The city is also home to the largest science center in the Indian sub continent.
If you are in Kolkata, than below are some of the things that are must to experience:
- Sundarbans (Famous for wildlife)
- Science City (Enhance Your Knowledge)
- Howrah Bridge (Capture The Beautiful Landscape)
- Birla Temple (Home To Lord Krishna)
- Ferry Ride (Enjoy Boating)
- Mallick Ghat Flower Market (Flower Shopping)
Some of the best adventurous things to enjoy in Kolkata are:
- Paragliding And Parasailing
- River Rafting
- Rock Climbing
From architecture lover to shopaholics, Kolkata has got something for everyone. The city is an equally good place for shoppers, with traditional markets as well as malls. Some of the famous shopping markets and malls are:
- New Market
- Hatibagan Market
- Quest Mall
- Dakshinapan Shopping Center
- Oxford Bookstore
- Hatibagan Market
- South City Mall
- Mani Square Mal
and many more!
PARKS AND GARDENS
Parks and gardens are areas where people of every age can relax. Kolkata has many parks and green gardens. Some of them are:
- Maidan (The largest park in Kolkata which has monuments and statues)
- Central Park (The second largest park with a lake in the middle)
- Agri Horticultural Garden (Most visited Garden)
- Safari Park (popular among school childrens)
- Eco Tourism Park (It has an island which has a little restaurant)
Some of the best museums to visit in the city are:
- Mother’s Wax Museum (The museum has statues of famous icons and celebrities)
- Tram Museum (Based on trams running in the city)
- Indian Museum (One of the oldest the largest museums in India)
- Netaji Bhawan (The museum is dedicated to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, the museum also houses all his belongings which include pens, furnitures, his legendary khaki and many more things)
- Victoria Memorial (Built in the memory of Queen Victoria during the British Raj)
Kolkata is city that is famous for its intellectuality, culture, heritage, and spirituality. Some of the religious places in Kolkata are Kalighat Temple, Birla Mandir, Thanthania Kalibari, Pareshnath Jain Temple, Dakshineshwar Temple, Belur Math, Agni Mandir etc.
If you are planning a trip to Kolkata, do not forget to pay a visit to these below listed places :
- Victoria Memorial (Built in memory of Queen Victoria)
- Fort William (Famous For its stonework)
- Howrah Bridge (One of the longest cantilever bridges in the world)
- Belur Math (Famous For its stunning architecture)
- Indian Museum (Famous For collections of ornaments, antiques and things of historical importance)
Places to Visit
Synonym to the City of Joy, Kolkata has an equally chaotic and charming presence and woos its visitors with its vibrant culture, tradition, heritage, and architecture. With streets bustling with crowds and the ever-evolving market selling the sweetest sweets, Kolkata has plenty to offer its tourists whether you are a geek, an art enthusiast, a history buff, or a cultural aficionado. Some of the best places out of the many to visit in Kolkata are listed down below.
- Admire the sunset from Howrah Bridge:
One of the romantic places in Kolkata, probably because of its depiction in movies, Howrah Bridge is a popular spot in Kolkata and an unofficial emblem of the city that marks its identity. The beautiful Hooglyshining brightly in front and the view of the sunset from the bridge casting its hues in the waters is something that must be experienced while you are in Kolkata.
- Gawk at the Victoria Memorial:
The serenity of the pristine white Victoria Memorial makes it a definite place to visit in Kolkata and for all the good reasons. Named after Queen Victoria, the place now serves as a museum displaying the historical artifacts and the sound and light show that is demonstrated in the evening adds to the beauty of this majestic place.
- Marvel at the art and nature at Marble Palace Mansion:
The impressive Marble Palace Mansion stands tall as a magnificent heritage structure and is home to the descendants of Raja Rajendra Mullick.The property houses very rare paintings and a zoo with exotic species of land and avian life.
- Wander in the vibrancy of Park Street:
If you are a fast-food junkie or want some cool and unique pictures for your Instagram feed, head to the famous Park Street in Kolkata to enjoy in some of the best and cool cafes with your bffs. From high-end restaurants to pubs and clubs, this place has become a hub for some devilish fun among the young adults.
- Go on a shopping spree in New Market:
A heaven for the shopaholics, New Market has been constructed by the British in 1874 and comprises clothes, jewelry, and many other items. More like a maze of shopping stalls and shops, New Market has approx. 2000 stalls that sell products at dirt cheap prices and shops that sell branded items as well.
- Give your prayers in the Dakshineswar Kali Temple:
One of the most significant pilgrimage and oldest temples to have been built, Dakshineswar Kali Temple in Kolkata is dedicated to Bhavatarani, as aspect of Goddess Kali and ‘the savior of the universe’, which is hoarded by visitors from across the globe for its significance and architecture as well.
- Get spooked in the South Park Cemetery:
Want some spooky fun with your friends? Head to the South Park Cemetery which is one of the most haunted places in India, to experience the beautiful yet eerie surroundings. Established in 1767 by the British, it is a remnant of their architectural style with a spooky history.
- Taste the flavors of Asia in The Old Chinatown:
The only Chinatown of India, this is the place to visit in Kolkata if you want to taste the scrumptious delicacies of Asia countries. The place came into existence after the Chinese traders came here to trade and settled permanently, making this place a heaven for the foodies.
- Get enlightened in the Indian Museum:
One of the oldest museums in the world and the largest in India, the Indian Museum is a galore of knowledge with 35 galleries filled with historically significant items along with the concepts such as biology, numismatics, meteorology, arts, paintings, fossils, etc.
- Feel the tranquility in the Princep Ghat:
Located along the Hooghly River, the Princep Ghat is an ideal place to spend some peaceful time in the evening while watching the setting sun and listening to the birds chirping. The Princep Ghat is a Greek-style building located strategically right under the 2nd Hooghly Bridge.
The festivals are one of the many things that highlight Kolkata. The beautiful city is known for its many festivals which keep its residents busy throughout the year. Some of the festivals are:
- Poila Boishakh (This day marks the beginning of a new year for a Bengali household)
- Jamai Shoshti (The festival celebrates the complicated relationship between a mother in law and her son in law)
- Durga Puja (One of the grandest festivals that celebrates the victory of Good over Evil)
- Bhai Phota (In this festival, the sister puts a 'tika' on the forehead of her brother and then feeds him sweets)
The nightlife in Kolkata is diverse and vibrant. There are many bars and pubs in Kolkata where you can spend time and have a drink with your loved ones. Some of the best pubs and bars are:
- Perfect Place In Town (Famous for Risotto, Chicken Tikka Pizza, and Veg Augratin)
- Backstage (Famous for disco era and rock music)
- Aqua (Famous for pool, groovy tunes, hookahs and indoor seating)
- M Bar Kitchen (Known for European cuisine)
When it comes to Kolkata cuisine, there are endless surprises for foodies, Right from the starters to the main course, below listed are some famous dishes:
- Macher Jhol (A spicy fish curry made with potatoes & tomatoes, turmeric, garlic, onions & grated ginger)
- Alur Torkari With Luchi (Potatoes cooked in a thick tomato gravy)
- Mochar Ghonto (Made with banana flower and grated coconut)
- Aloo Posto (Made with poppy seeds and potato)
- Phuchka (Also known as paani puri)
While, you are in Kolkata, make sure to visit these restaurants in the city.
Each restaurant offers a commendably wide range of cuisines. Some of the best restaurants are:
- Fly Kouzina (Known for North Indian, Continental, Chinese and other global cuisines)
- Kaidi Kitchen (Known for North Indian, Italian, Mexican, Chinese, Thai, and Mongolian cuisines)
- The Palms (Famous for Mughlai, Awadhi, North Indian)
- Fabbrica Della Pizza (Known for Italian cuisine)
- Zucca Lounge (Famous for Continental, Chinese, Kebab)
When it comes to the best Hotels in Kolkata there are many enticing options available, that includes:
- JW Marriott Hotel (From INR 6000 Onwards)
- Fairfield by Marriott (From INR 2000 Onwards)
- ITC Sonar (From INR 4000 Onwards)
- Hyatt Regency (From INR 4000 Onwards)
- The Oberoi Grand (From INR 5500 Onwards)
The Kolkata Metro is a rapid transit system that has two operational lines, one from Dakshineswar to Kavi Subhash and a second line from Salt Lake Sector V to Phoolbagan. Four other lines are still under construction. The system has a mix of underground, at-grade and elevated stations.
- Police : 100
- Ambulance : 102
- Fire Brigade : 101
- Medical Helpline : 9830079999
- Senior Citizen Helpline : 9830088884
- Child Helpline : 1098
- Women Helpline : 1091
Bengali is the most spoken language in Kolkata. But, languages like Hindi, Urdu, Nepali, Odia and Punjabi are spoken as well.
- Good morning! - Suva Pravath
- Good evening! - Suva sandhya
- How are you? - Tapailai Kasto Cha?
- Thank you - Dharai Dhanyabad
- Have a nice day - Tapaik Ko Din Suva Rahosh
- Good night - Suva Ratri
- Welcome - Shwagotom
- How are you? - Tumi kemon achho
- What's your name? - Tomar nam ki?
- Where are you from? - Tumi kotha theke eshechho?
- Good morning - Shuprobhat
- Good night - Shubho ratri
- Welcome - Svagat
- How are you? - Aap kaise hai?
- What's your name? - Aapka naam kya hai?
- I don't know - Mujhe nahi pata
- I don't understand - Mein samjha nahi
- Thank you - Dhanyavad
- Hello - Asalam u alaikum
- How are you? - Aap kaise hai?
- Goodbye - khuda hafiz
- How old are you? - Aap ki umr kya hai?
- Congratulations - Mubarak ho
- What is this? - Yeh kya hai?
- Hello - Sat sri akaal
- How are you? - Tussi kiwen ho?
- I am fine - Main theek haan
- What is your name? - Tuhada naan ki hai?
- My name is - Mera naan haga
- Where are you from? - Tusi kithe dey ho?
- What is your name? - Tumoro naamo
- What happened? - Kono hela
- Did you have your lunch? - Khayilo ki?
- Come home - Gharo ku aasa
- Please sit - Doyakari basontu
- Thank You - Dhanyabado
A city filled with joy and beautiful architecture that resonates ancient history, Kolkata has a unique vibe with a calm even in its chaos and several pleasantly exciting places that calls people from across the globe to satiate their wanderlust.