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location_onSTATES AND CITIES

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is an Indian state located in the Central part of India.

Chhattisgarh literally translates to 36 houses (or 36 forts). It is the 9th-largest state in India by area and 17th largest by population. Raipur is the capital of this state.

History

The present state of Chhattisgarh was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh state, and there were demands for separate statehood for Chhattisgarh since as early as 1920s. But in the late 1990s, the protests and demands for the state increased, and finally this region was carved out of Madhya Pradesh in the year 2000.

On 1 November 2000, Chhattisgarh was granted statehood by the Indian government and Raipur – one of the most populated cities in the region was made its official capital.

Cities

Chhattisgarh has about 783 cities and towns, grouped across the state into 28 districts.

Some of the popular cities and towns in Chhattisgarh include: Raipur, Bhilai, Korba, Bilaspur, Jagdalpur, Raigarh, Ambikapur, Dhamtari.

People

Chhattisgarh has a population of 2.94 Crores (as of 2020) of which 93.25% are Hindus, 2.05% are Muslims and around 1.92% are Christians and the remaining comprise of Sikhs and Jains.

People of Chhattisgarh are divided into many tribe groups like Bhujia, Korba, Bastar, Gond, Abizmaria, Muria, Halba, Parja, Bhatra, Dantewara, Dandami, and so on.

Culture

Chhattisgarh is home to many tribes like Bhujia, Korba, Bastar, Gond, Abizmaria, Muria, Halba, Parja, Bhatra, Dantewara, Dandami, and so on., and the culture in Chhattisgarh is a blend of practices and celebrations of people belonging to these tribes and culture groups living here. This includes various forms of folk and tribal music, and dances, different traditional art and crafts, regional festival celebrations and fairs.

Hinduism is the most prevalent religion in the state, followed by Islam and Buddhism.

Language

Hindi and Chhattisgarhi are the most-spoken languages across the state. Chhattisgarhi is spoken in differnet dialects in different regions. There are dialects of Chhattisgarhi spoken in the state – Kedri, Utti, Budati, Rakshahun and Bhandar.

Food

Rice is the main grain (cereal) eaten across Chhatisgarh, and Chhattisgarhi cuisine comprises of many dishes use rice in different forms like rice grains or rice flour, along with vegetables (more of green leafy vegetables), pulses like urad dal (white lentil) spices and curd (yogurt).

Some lip-smacking food items that are eaten regularly in Chhattisgarhi households are:

  • Aamat (a thin soup like dish - similar to sambar of south India – made with vegetables, spices and ginger and garlic paste).
  • Chilla/Cheela (a pancake made with unfermented batter of rice flour or chickpea flour and spices; sometimes vegetables may also be added to the batter).
  • Iddhar – A dish made with Colocasia leaves and urad dal (white lentil) batter layered alternately, rolled and steamed, after which it is added to a gravy of curd and spices.
  • Hatphodva – steamed mini-cakes made of rice batter and white lentil paste – similar to idli of south India but – this could have both savory or sweet options (the sweet ones are usually served with milk, while savory ones are served with chutneys).

Travel/Transportation

Trains, Planes and Buses are major modes of inter-city transportation within Chhattisgarh. For travel within cities, there are many other modes such as taxis, buses, and private vehicles like 2-wheelers and cars, or even walking and cycling.

Airports – Chhattisgarh has 8 domestic airports connecting to other states and cities in the country. Out of these 1 – the Swami Vivekananda Airport in Raipur was recently upgraded to international standards, and has become an international airport that connects to various other countries and receives international passengers as well.

  • Swami Vivekananda Airport, Raipur
  • Ambikapur Airport, Ambikapur
  • Bhilai Airport, Bhilai
  • Bilaspur Airport, Bilaspur
  • Jagdalpur Airport, Jagdalpur
  • Jashpur Airport, Jashpur
  • Korba Airport, Korba
  • Raigarh airport, Raigarh

Railway Stations – Chhattisgarh has a total of 134 train terminals/railway stations (at least one for each city/town, and more than 1 in some big cities) that connect to other cities and towns within the state as well as those in other states in the country. Some of the train terminals and junctions in the state are:

  • Raipur Junction, Raipur
  • Bilaspur Junction, Bilaspur
  • Durg Junction, Durg
  • Champa Junction, Champa
  • Bhatapura Railway Station, Bhatapura
  • Ambika Railway Station, Ambika
  • Bhilai Power House Railway Station, Bhilai

Bus Terminals – Chhattisgarh has inter-city buses run by Chhattisgarh government, with bus tops (terminals) at most major cities.

Attractions

Chhattisgarh is a least explored sire in India, especially b y tourists from other parts of the world, but it is this intriguing factor which will make people fall in love with the place’s beauty. The state has many pretty traditional buildings (including temples), greenery, waterfalls, art scene and so much more!

Some interesting and beautiful places in Chhatisgarh are:

  • Bhoramdeo temple
  • Raipur city – the capital
  • Vivekananda Sarovar
  • Sirpur (a historical town)
  • Buddha Vihar
  • Champajhar (Champaranya) – a small village near Raipur – birthplace of saint Vallabhacharya
  • Beautiful waterfalls (like Chitrakore, Tamra Ghoomar and Teerathgarh falls)
  • Maitri Bagh gardens – perfect place for a family picnic

WEEKEND GETAWAYS

Chhattisgarh has many interesting places that make for a good weekend getway or short vacation, such as –

  • Durg – A city with beautiful historical monuments, surrounded by hills and photographic locations.
  • Barnawapara wildlife Sanctuary – About 100km away from Raipur; explore the tropical Dry Deciduous Forests and Bamboo trees in the sanctuary, along with the fauna and the nearby temples.
  • Dandak Caves – Located at about 314km from Raipur, these Caves have amazing flow stone formations. The caves are cool cavern and are located on a hillock; an exciting place for exploration and photography too.
  • Jagdalpur - A lovely, unexplored city that has many historical monuments as well as adventurous sports to engage in. Great for photography enthusiasts as well.
  • Bhilai – Known for its famous steel plant which can be visited, and many Hindu temples most of which have a deep history.

ADVENTURE EXPERIENCES

Chhattisgarh offers many exciting adventure sports and activities for adrenaline junkies and adventure enthusiasts of all kinds. Here are the top adventurous things to do in Chhattisgarh –

  • Bungee jumping (in Jagdalpur)
  • Hiking and Trekking (in many hilly parts of the state)
  • Swimming near Tandula Dam, on Tandula River
  • Chitrakoot falls – Boating, river rafting, kayaking
  • Go Karting in Raipur

HISTORICAL PLACES

Chhattisgarh has many places of historical significance that will interest history and archaeology enthusiasts such as –

  • Bastar Palace, Jagdalpur
  • Kanker Palace (a 20th century palace, also known as Radhanivas Bagicha)
  • Bhoramdeo Temple (built between the 7th to the 11th centuries; there are many ancient sculptures inside the temple)
  • Laxman Temple, Sirpur (has beautiful stone carvings and a collection of beautiful relics and statues that are significant to Jain, Vaishnava, Buddhist and Shaiva beliefs)
  • Devrani Jethani temple, Bilaspur (an ancient Hindu temple, believed by archaeologists to have been built in 5th or 6th century – has amazing Indian sculpture and art)