Palitana, Gujarat

Palitana is a city in Gujarat's Bhavnagar district. It is located 50 kilometers southwest of Bhavnagar and is a famous Jains pilgrimage site. It is one of the world's only two vegetarian cities.

Places to visit

  • Shatrunjaya Hill : Shatrunjaya denotes a 'location of victory against inner enemies' or "a place that conquers inner enemies'. Swetambara Jains revere this location on Shatrunjaya Hill. The first Tirthankara, Rishabha, hallowed the hill where he delivered his first sermon, according to the Shatrunjaya Mahatmya. His grandson Pundarika attained Nirvana at Shatrunjaya, therefore the hill was formerly known as 'Pundarikgiri'. Bharata Chakravartin, Pundarik's father, is also credited with constructing a temple here in memory of his father, Rishabha. It is also said to be related to several other Tirthankaras. The Jains believe that visiting this set of temples at least once in one's life is required to obtain nirvana or salvation. There are about 863 Jain temples atop the hills, largely distributed in nine groups, some of which are large temple complexes, while most are modest. Palitana Jain temples took 900 years to build. These temples were erected in two stages. The first phase occurred between the 11th and 12th centuries AD as part of the revival of temple construction throughout India. They were destroyed in 1311 AD by Turkish Muslim invaders. The majority of the temples that exist now date from the 16th century CE. The exquisite temples were built by a group of rich merchants who practiced Jainism.
  • Distance: Shatrunjaya Hill is 35 kilometers away from Palitana

  • Gopinath Beach : Gopinath Beach is a lovely beach near Gadhula village in Gujarat. It is one of the most popular beaches in Gujarat and one of the most attractive spots to visit during a Palitana tour, located along the coast of the Gulf of Khambhat. Maharaja Krishna Kumar Singhji of Bhavnagar spent his summers at Gopinath. With its beautiful limestone cliffs and breathtaking views, the beach provides breathtaking scenery. The lovely breeze of the sea refreshes and soothes the spirit. The beach features beautiful, solid beaches for walking and shallow coastline waters for wading. Nonetheless, it is not a good site to swim because of the high tidal difference along the shore, which makes the water murky. Among the prominent Palitana tourist attractions is the 700-year-old Gopinath Mahadev Temple, located near the seashore. Situated on the seaside, it is possibly India's only temple with two flags: a white flag signifying a Vishnu temple and a saffron flag representing a Shiva temple. This Shiva temple is said to be where devotional poet Narsinh Mehta had his spiritual experience over 500 years ago.
  • Distance: Gopinath Beach is 57 kilometers away from Palitana

  • Hastagiri Jain Tirth : Hastagiri Jain Tirth is dedicated to Bhagwan Rishabhdev, also known as Shri Adishwar Bhagwan. This steep region is also known as Hastisengiri. According to the temple's history, the location has been revered as a sacred site from the time of Bhagawan Adishwar. Bharat Chakravartin, Bhagawan Adishwar's eldest son, constructed the hallowed site. Even now, one may observe Bhagawan's foot representations in a little temple on the historic hill. Bharat Chakravartin had found salvation here. He had fasted unto death and gained moksha here. The elephant of the King also followed him; consequently, the teerth is known as Shri Hastagiri Tirth.
  • Distance: Hastagiri Jain Tirth is 25 kilometres away from Palitana

How to Reach

  • By Air- Palitana's nearest airport is 61 kilometers away at Bhavnagar.
  • By Train- Trains from Ahmedabad and Bhavnagar stop at Palitana station. Bhavnagar, about 56 kilometers away, is the nearest major railhead. Several trains from Gujarat and other states stop at the station.
  • By Road- Palitana is easily accessible by car. To go to Palitana, take a state bus from Ahmedabad, Bhavnagar, Una, or Talaja.

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