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Humayun's Tomb

Introduction

Humayun’s tomb, as the name suggests, is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India.

It is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, close to the Dina-panah Citadel, also known as Purana Qila (Old Fort), which Humayun found in 1533, and falls on the intersection of Mathura Road and Lodhi Road.

It was the first garden-tomb built in India and also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale.

The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, and has been a popular monument that keeps attracting a lot of tourists, history lovers and photographers over the years.

History

The tomb of Humayun was built by the orders of his first wife and chief consort, Empress Bega Begum (also known as Haji Begum). It is said that the empress had been so grieved over her husband's death that she had dedicated her remaining life to the sole purpose of constructing this memorial for him than would be the most magnificent mausoleum in the Empire, at a site near the Yamuna River in Delhi.

The construction took a span of nine years, it began in the year 1565 and was completed in the year 1571. It cost a total of 1.5 million rupees, paid entirely by the Empress Bega Begum. Humayun’s son, the next emperor Akbar subsequently visited the tomb in 1571, when it was about to be completed.

Architecture

Humayun’s tomb was apparently designed by a famous Persian architect called Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, who was selected by the Empress Bega Begum and brought from Herat (northwest Afghanistan).

He was known to have previously designed several buildings in Herat, Bukhara (now Uzbekistan), and few others in India as well. But Ghiyas died before the structure was done and it was eventually completed by his son, Sayyed Muhammad ibn Mirak Ghiyathuddin.

Additional Information for Visitors

The monument is open from 6 am to 6 pm, on all days including weekends and holidays. It is a picturesque monument that will be loved by history enthusiasts, architects or architecture students and photographers.

The prices for entry are as follows:

The nearest metro station from Humayun’s tomb is Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium on the Violet Line, which it is 2 km away. Auto-rickshaws are available to and fro. Delhi’s international airport is around 15.3 km away from here and can be reached in around 30 mins by road.