Get immersed in the beauty and multiplicity of the marvelous place known as Sri Venkateswara National Park, located in the Chittoor and Cuddapah districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The geographical location of The Park is in the Eastern Ghats over the Seshachalam Hills of Cuddapah district and Tirumala Hills of Chittoor district and it is spread over in an area of about 353.62 km2. The National Park Sri Venkateswara came into existence in the year 1989 and was officially declared a National Park in 1998. In 2010, the area enclosed by Seshachalam Hills was professed as the biosphere reserve by the Government of India.
The National Park was named after the holy Lord Venkateswara of Tirupati and is situated in the Eastern Ghats. The stunning landscape of The Park is marked by the jagged topographical features of the Seshachalam and Tirumala Hills and is accentuated by gorges, steep slopes, plateaus, and valleys. Throughout the year, the place experiences a horde of visitors not just because of the diversity of wildlife but because of some of the exquisite-looking waterfalls such as Talakona, Gunjana, and Gundalakona.
The Sanctuary is home to some of the rare and endangered floral and faunal species which are endemic not in Seshachalam hills but to the whole world. Sri Venkateswara National Park comprises the Seshachalam hill ranges with the abode of Lord Venkateswara in its midst. The Park is an ideal location for trekking and camping and you can also get a sight of a beautiful forest bungalow with a stream flowing in the background. The vegetation here comprises dry deciduous mixed forests with coverings of humid deciduous forest in the valleys. The maximum amount of rainfall is received during the northeast monsoon and a slight bit during the southwest monsoon with an average rainfall of 900mm.
Many different varieties of floral species are found in the sundry landscape of Sri Venkateswar National Park among which the most dominant are Red Sanders, Shoreathumburggaia, Shoreatalura, Sandalwood, Terminalia pallida, Cycas beddomei, Syzygiumalternifolium, Psilotum nudam, Acacia Sundra, Bauhinia Racemosa, Aegle Marmelos, Atlantia Monophylia, Azadirachta Indica, Madhuca Indica, Pterocarpus Santalinus, etc.
Mammals: Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Cheetal, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Wild Dog, Hyena, Jackal, Fox, Civet Cat, Jungle Cat, Golden Gecko, Slender Loris, Indian Giant Squirrel, Tree Shrew, Flying Lizard, etc. In 1984, the Asian Elephant, was not seen in Andhra Pradesh for the last 300 years, was spotted again in the southern part of Chittoor district.
Birds: Common Peafowl, Grey Palican, Purple Heron, White Ibis, Demoiselle Crane, White-Necked Stork, Brahminy Duck, Painted Stork, Pintail, Lesser Whisteling Teal, Common Teal, Shoveller, Purple Moorhen, Comb Duck, White breasted Waterhen, Painted Spur Fowl, Silver Pheasant, Jungle Bush Quail, Rose-Ringed Parakeet, Grey Partridge, Indian Spotted Munia, etc.
Reptiles: March Crocodile, Indian Pond Terrapin, Starred tortoise, Golden Gecko, Gliding Lizard, Cobra, House Gecko, Termite Gecko, Common Skink, Rat Snake, Indian Python, Rock Gecko, Banded Rock Gecko, Russels Viper, Chameleon, Common Indian Monitor, Banded Krait, etc.
The temperature in the National Park Sri Venkateswara ranges from 12 degree Celsius to 44 degrees Celsius which offers the visitors a unique landscape during summers, winters, autumn, spring, and even the monsoons. Though you can visit the park at any given time of the year, the best time would be from October to February as the temperature is moderate during the day and you might spot various animals and birds out of their abode.
Nearest Train Station : The closest train stations are Hyderabad and Tirupati railway stations. Both the stations are well connected by road through government means of transport to Sri Venkateswara National Park.
Nearest Airport : The nearest airport is the Tirupati airport at about 21km from The National Park and is accessible through road to the park.
Road Accessibility : Sri Venkateswara National Park is well-connected to all the major cities and places near Andhra Pradesh through well-kept road networks. You can take government buses or your own vehicle to go to the National Park.