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In the ever-changing and rapidly growing scenario where skyscrapers and cemented building are a common sight, ‘Garden’ brings to mind a place of respite, serene landscape, an exquisite canvas of colors, and a natural retreat from the busy, crowded, and polluted atmosphere. These are the places which have been built in cities and towns where greenery, flowering plants, and trees are preserved, flourish, and thrive and create a happy place in the otherwise population and pollution loomed environment. A garden is also a place where natural beauty is worshipped and where the human soul gets a chance to be close to Mother Nature. These gardens are also regarded as the ‘lungs’ of the cities and towns of India where crowd and pollution are prevalent and offer a breath of fresh air and calmness.

Many gardens in India have been developed in urbanizing cities by municipal corporations to create places of respite from the usual buzz. But a large part of the gardens existing in India are hundreds of years old. Having been a country ruled by many different kings and emperors in the past, many of whom have been nature lovers and garden enthusiasts, India has been fortunate to have been embellished with many breath-taking (literally!) gardens over the years.India’s gardens have been a hot spot for botanical artwork and conservation of greenery as well as a place for historical significance, besides providing a serene atmosphere for nature lovers and gardening enthusiasts. They also provide stunning frames or backgrounds for photography buffs and are a favorite spot or people to hang out with loved ones.

These natural havens, often nestled amidst the crowded urban settings, there is something for everyone – friends and families looking for some bonding and fun time, fitness freaks looking for some fresh air, lovers spending some quality time, and even loners or workaholics in need of some peace. The universal appeal of gardens indicates deep roots with their history indeed going back to surprisingly far and wide. Gardens in the eon era played a crucial role in the celebration of festivals such as ‘Vasantotsav’ (Spring festival), events held by rajas and maharajas, place for the queens to have some quality time and to have laughter with other noble women, and the idea of wearing flowers as accessories and to consume such as lotus stem. While many gardens during the prehistoric era were primarily private, the idea of a public garden was not an exception either. Most of the gardens in today’s time are in Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, Agra, and Bangalore, with several other cities such as Mumbai, Chandigarh, Kolkata, Ooty, etc. keeping up with the tradition of expansive and eye-soothing natural place of beauty.

Some of the most famous gardens in India are listed below, some of which have been built by several kings and rulers and are in existence for over a century.

  • Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Bengaluru: Known as the largest collector of tropical plants and home to few rare and beautiful bird species, Lalbagh Botanical Gardens in Bangalore is a major attraction with thousands of flower species, 3000 years old rock formation, and a glass house.
  • Lodhi Garden, Delhi: Sprawled in 90 acres of land, Lodhi Garden is a beautiful garden and also houses the tomb of Mohammad Shah and Sikander Lodhi rulers of Sayyid dynasty and Lodhi dynasty respectively.
  • Shalimar Garden, Srinagar: Also called Shalimar Bagh, it is known as the ‘crown of Srinagar’ and is one of the largest Mughal Gardens in Srinagar. Designed in Persian style, it is a sight to behold with the manicured gardens, fountains, flower beds, and the spectacular mountains in the background giving a complete look.
  • Rock Garden, Chandigarh: A unique sculpture garden made completely out of industrial and home waste and discarded items, the Rock Garden, alongside the manicured greenery, contains over 2000 stone sculptures, amphitheater, bridges, staircases, and man-made interlinked waterfalls.
  • Garden of Five Senses, Delhi: Designed to stimulate your senses of touch, sight, smell, sound, and taste, this garden has various themed parks, a section of Mughal baghs, pools of water lilies, fountains, solar energy park, and sculptures, and rock carvings.
  • Mughal Garden, Delhi: Located in the premises of Rashtrapati Bhavan in Delhi, the Mughal Gardens are built according to the mix of Mughal design and English flower design and can be visited on February and March. This terraced laced garden is beautified with fountains, watercourses, 70 varieties of seasonal flowers, and medicinal plants.
  • NTR Garden, Hyderabad: A small but beautiful garden with several brightly colored plants and tall trees, recreational activities, water fountains, lamp posts, and groomed landscaping is a treat to the sore eyes.
  • Brindavan Garden, Mysore: A breathtaking sight to see, Brindavan Garden are built alongside the Krishnarajasagar dam and is laid out in 3 terraces. It is eye pleasing with water fountains, Ficus trees, and several flowering and foliage plants.
  • Hanging Garden, Mumbai: The lungs and heart of the city of Mumbai, Hanging Garden is known for breathtaking views of the sunset over the Arabian Sea, terraced shape, and numerous hedges carved in animal shapes along with a flower clock.
  • Pinjore Garden, Pinjore (Haryana): Also known as Yadavindra Garden, Pinjore Garden was constructed by Aurangzeb as a summer retreat and is one of the best Mughal Gardens in India. It is layered in seven terraces and contains Rajasthani-Mughal styled palaces, arched doorways, fountains, cypress trees, flowerbeds, and fruit groves.
  • Botanical Garden, Ooty: Nestled on the slopes of the Nilgiri Mountains, Botanical Gardens in Ooty is home to over 1000 floral species and is divided into several terraced layout. There is a fossil tree trunk in the center of the garden and is believed to be 20 million years old.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Q1. Which place is known as the City of Gardens in India?

Bangalore has various nicknames including the Garden city of India as it has the greatest number of gardens. According to belief, the city owes this name to Krishna Raja Wodeyar, the 24th maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore.

Q2. Which is the biggest garden in India?

Lalbagh Botanical Garden in Bangalore is the biggest garden in India.

Q3. Which is the most beautiful garden in India?

Some of the most breath-taking gardens in India are:

  • Tulip Garden, Srinagar
  • Shalimar Bagh, Srinagar
  • Yadavindra Garden, Pinjore
  • Mughal Gardens, Delhi
  • Brindavan Garden, Mysore
  • Botanical Gardens, Ooty

Q4. Which was the first Mughal Garden in India?

The Rambagh (Aram Bagh) was the first ever Mughal Gardens of India built by Babur in 1528.

Q5. Which is Asia’s biggest garden?

Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden in Howrah, West Bengal, is the biggest garden in Asia.

Q4. Which state is known as the spice garden of India?

Kerala, one of the southern states of India, is known for its world-famous spices and has several spice gardens all through the state.

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