Jammu & Kashmir is one of the 8 union territories of the peninsular subcontinent of India. It is located in the Northern part of India, separated from Pakistan by the Line of Control (a military control line) and is bordered by the Indian union territory Ladakh to the west and Indian states Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to its south.
Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) was a state of India from 1954 to 2019. The state of Jammu and Kashmir consisted of three divisions:
these were further divided into 22 districts. Unlike other states of India, Jammu and Kashmir had its own constitution, flag and administrative autonomy – making its status a special one.
The Kashmir region under this has been a subject of dispute between India, Pakistan and China ever since the mid-20th century (post-independence of India from the British).
On 31 October 2019, a reorganisation act was passed to reconstitute the state of Jammu and Kashmir and it was declared as two union territories – 1. Jammu and Kashmir, and 2. Ladakh.
Kashmiri is the official language of Jammu and Kashmir, and is spoken widely across the territory. Apart from Kashmiri, people in Jammu & Kashmir speak Dogri (a regional language), Hindi, English and Urdu too.
Jammu and Kashmir’s population consists of a large percentage of Muslims, followed by Hindus. So, many Muslim and Hindu festivals are celebrated here, along with some regional festivals and rituals that are local to this place.
Some of the regularly celebrated festivals here include:
Jammu & Kashmir has a population of 13.6 Crore people. Muslims comprise of majority of the population here (more than 65%) while Hindus, Buddhists and Sikhs comprise of the remaining.
The union territory of Jammu and Kashmir has 3 kinds of traditional cuisines, all of which comprise of flavorful, spicy dishes with lots of fruits, vegetables and meat:
Other commonly eaten dishes in the territory include: Kashmiri Pulao (made with Basmati rice, vegetables/meat and fruits like pomegranate, Kashmiri Aloo Dum – baby potatoes in a spicy rich gravy).
Jammu & Kashmir has many beautiful gardens, lakes, valleys and snowy regions, that are picturesque and also great for adventurous activities like para gliding, skiing, etc.
Some places that are a must-visit in the territory of Jammu & Kashmir are:
Other places worth visiting include Verinag and other Mughal gardens (esp. Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh) in spring season.
Jammu & Kashmir also has many bazaars (markets) with unique souvenirs that are delightful, including handicrafts (like Papier Mache), spices, woolen clothes, locally made bags and shoes, and clothes (including Pashmina shawls, luxurious carpets and mats), and so on.
Some popular shopping spots in Jammu & Kashmir are:
Jammu and Kashmir include amazing places that are known for thrilling activities; there are many places here which offer some exciting adventure sports for the adrenaline junkies and enthusiasts, such as:
Trains, Planes and Buses are major modes of inter-city transportation within Jammu & Kashmir. For travel within cities, there are many other modes such as taxi/cabs, buses, and private vehicles like 2-wheelers and cars, or bicycles.
1. Airports – Jammu & Kashmir has 2 domestic and 1 international airport.
International Airports in J&K:
Domestic Airports in J&K:
2. Railway Stations – The Jammu and Kashmir Union territory has a total of 34 train terminals/railway stations. Some of the popular train terminals and junctions here are:
3. Bus Terminals – Jammu & Kashmir has its own line of government-run JKRTC (Jammu Kashmir Road Transport Corporation) buses which provide the connection between all the cities and towns within J&K and also neighbouring states. These buses can be boarded at JKRTC stops/terminals that are available in every major district and town in the state. The prominent town/city bus terminals are located in almost every city and town - they can be easily found and are conveniently accessible.