Jharkhand is an eastern Indian state that was separated from Bihar's southern region on November 15, 2000, following a lengthy and ongoing demand for a separate State. Jharkhand shares boundaries with the states of West Bengal in the east, Odisha in the south, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in the west, and Bihar in the north.
In regard to both population and area, Jharkhand ranks as the fifteenth-largest state. The largest and most important industrial city in the state is Jamshedpur, while Ranchi and Dumka serve as its subcapitals. Dhanbad, Bokaro, and Hazaribagh are a few of the other important cities and industrial hubs.
Rur is a mineral state and is frequently referred to as "Rur of India" due to its extensive mineral deposits. Mining and mineral extraction are the main sectors of Jharkhand, which contains more than 40% of the nation's mineral riches. With its abundant mineral resources, including uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, gold, silver, Graphite, magnetite, dolomite, fireclay, quartz, feldspar, coal, iron, and copper, Jharkhand is well-known.
Despite having such rich natural resources, 40% of the people in this state live in poverty. Just 24% of the state's population lives in cities, the bulk of whom reside in rural regions. The main crop grown in the state is rice, and the rural population is reliant on agriculture.
As forests occupy the majority of the region, the name "Jharkhand" means "The Land of Forests." The particular tribal tradition and culture of the area, as highlighted by Jharkhand, is the main justification for various administrative and political structures.
- Ranchi – The City of Waterfalls refers to Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand. Many waterfalls, such as Hundru Falls, Dassam Falls, Jonha Falls, Panch Gagh Falls, etc., can be found there. The city is also well known around the world for its natural riches, earning it the moniker "Manchester of the East." Come here and fall in love with Ranchi's infinite hills and mountains.
- Jamshedpur – Jamshedpur, the largest city in Jharkhand, is aptly known as the Steel City of India. Jamsedji Nusserwanji Tata, a well-known industrialist, created the city. It provides you with a variety of natural treasures that give lovers of the outdoors great joy. The Dalma Hills, Jubilee Park, Jubilee Lake, Tata Steel Zoological Park, Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Hudco Lake, Bhatia Park, and others are some of the must-see locations in Jamshedpur.
- Deoghar – The City of Temples, Deoghar, is still a favourite destination for those looking for enlightenment. Many spiritual sites, such as Baba Baidyanath Temple, Noulakha Temple, Mandar Hill, etc., are scattered across this old town.
- Hazaribagh – Hazaribagh, which means "thousand gardens," is a country with a diverse range of plants and animals. It is a well-known health resort that is located 2019 feet above sea level. Hazaribagh Lake, Canary Hills, Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary, Hazaribagh National Park, Suraj Kund, and Bhadrakali Temple are few of the places that may be explored in this area.
- Dhanbad – Dhanbad, known as the "Coal Capitol of India," continues to have one of India's highest rates of population growth. It is renowned for its unique beauty, which stretches across gorgeous valleys and verdant woods. See the majestic dams, cool lakes, and peaceful temples. Topchanchi Lake, Maithon Dam, Birsa Munda Park, Charak Pathar, and Parasnath Temple continue to be the major attractions in Dhanbad.
- Bokaro – Bokaro continues to be one of Jharkhand's most popular tourist spots. Many steel and coal companies are located here, making it well renowned. Every year, a large number of leisure travellers come here to relax amidst the abundant vegetation that is present. Enjoy this city's stunning surroundings by taking leisurely walks. There are several attractions in the city, such as Ram Mandir, Garga Dam, Kali Mandir, and Jawahar Nehru Biological Park.
Culture and Traditions
This region of the nation has been home to several tribes, which has led to the state's emergence as a significant multi-ethnic state. The Santhals, Oraons, Mundas, Kharias, Hos, and Cheros are some of the key tribes of Jharkhand's thirty or so indigenous communities.
The inhabitants of the state are a fusion of numerous tribal cultures, as well as the Mughals, Hindu rulers, and religions like Jainism and Buddhism. The community a person belongs to determines their lifestyle, rituals, dance, music, language, and literature, all of which have an impact on their culture.
Each sub-caste and tribe has its own distinct tradition because this is a state where tribes predominate. Every aspect of life and culture has placed the highest value on nature.
Tribal people's folk dances, art, music, dance, and theatre are reflections of their daily lives.
The state is located on the Chota Nagpur Plateau, where several rivers, including the Subarnarekha, Brahmani, Kharkai, and Damodar, run softly, enhancing the state's natural beauty. The moderate hills and riverbeds of Jharkhand provide countless options for exploring.
Around 40% of India's mineral wealth is concentrated in Jharkhand, one of the wealthiest states in terms of natural resources, yet the area is nonetheless plagued by poverty, social inequality, corruption, and infrequent outbursts of Maoist and Naxalite violence. Although though modernisation is having a rapid impact on society, tribal people have managed to maintain their traditional way of life.
Among the well-known regional dishes are Arsa, Dhuska, Chhilka, Koinar Sag, Grenn Sag, Dubki, Udad Dal, Kurthi Dal, Litti-Chokha, Sattu Paratha, Pitha, Khapada, Roti, Mitha Pitha, and Kudurum Ki Chatni. The cuisine isn't all that unlike from Bihar, one of its surrounding states. They favour eating wheat, rice, and vegetables prepared in mustard and sunflower oils.
A rice-based meal is called dhuska. Tribal homes frequently contain dhuska. Mudwa Khussi Meat, Duck Meat, Deshi Chicken, and Tengara Fee are a few examples of non-vegetarian meals. The well-known Jharkhand cuisine litti is served with aloo bharta and baigan bharta. Rice is used to make Jharkhand Pitta, which has its distinct flavour. Other extremely well-liked are Rugdha, Chilka Roti, MalPua, Thekua Aaloo Chokha, Till Barfi, and Khaja.
Things To Do
- Visit Betla National Park – For anybody looking for the greatest things to do in Jharkhand, the Betla National Park is a must-visit since it has the wildlife that makes Jharkhand unique. In 1974, Project Tiger designated this park as one of the first areas to become a Tiger Reserve. Sloth bears, panthers, wolves, jackals, hyenas, sizable families of langurs, rhesus monkeys, Indian giant squirrels, mouse deer, sambar deer, porcupine, mongoose, etc. are among the creatures that may be found there. The trees are mostly made of sal and bamboo. Hornbills, peafowl, red jungle fowl, black partridge, white-necked storks, black ibis, swamp grey, quail, pied hornbills, and other species may be seen in this area.
- Visit The Ancient Temples – Old temples perched atop the region's many hills are what make Jharkhand famous. One of them is the Pahari Mandir, which lies in the centre of Ranchi and offers visitors an incredible view of the entire city. The most significant Jain pilgrimage destination is Shri Sammed Shikharji, where according to Jaina tradition, 20 of the 24 Tirthankaras are said to have obtained "moksha." It is located on Parasnath Hill, which is the tallest hill in Jharkhand. Baidyanath Dham, Rajrappa, Itkhori, and other temples are examples of others.
- Visit The Hidden Beautiful Waterfalls – Jharkhand is located on the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which is part of the huge Indian plateau, which runs the length of our country's peninsula. Consequently, with so many rivers running through Jharkhand, this creates the ideal environment for waterfalls. These rivers might feature waterfalls in various locations because to the tableland geography of Jharkhand. Among these, Hundru Falls, Dassam Falls, Jonha Falls, Panch Gagh Falls, and others are well-known.
Places to Visit
- Jubilee Park – The steel metropolis of Jamshedpur is home to the Jubilee Park. It is a well-liked venue for anybody looking to have an outdoor picnic, participate in outdoor sports, or simply spend a leisurely day with friends and family. It is a huge park in the middle of the city that is well-liked by runners and bikers, covering around 225 acres of land. Its interior features a lake, an amusement park, a leisure area, fountains, and a zoo, among other attractions, making it a perfect spot for people of all ages to have some fun.
- Deoghar – Because of its stunning temples and breathtaking surroundings, everyone should visit Deoghar. As soon as you enter this city, a strong spiritual and divine atmosphere will surround you. Deoghar is a well-known tourist destination in Jharkhand because of the numerous Lord Shiva temples that can be seen there. One of the twelve "Jyotirlingas," the Baba Baidyanath Temple, is a must-see for everyone who has the opportunity to visit Deoghar, though. But if you believe that this location is only suitable for solo pilgrimages, think again! Deoghar's natural beauty and peaceful environs make it a great location for anyone seeking peace and relaxation.
- Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens – Famously known as Mysore Zoo, Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens is the popular Zoo in Karnataka and one of the oldest zoos in India. The Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens is abode to many wildlife including Tigers including White Tigers, Jaguars, Lions, Zebra, giraffes, Leopards, Rhinos,Elephants, Hippopotamus, and Birds.
- Dimna Lake – If you feel like going out of the city and enjoying a calm day with your loved ones or friends, If you feel like going out in Jamshedpur is the perfect spot to do it. It is near to the Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, which is about 13 kilometres from the Jamshedpur city area. It is a man-made lake in Jamshedpur, known for its tranquilly and lovely flora, and it is situated at the foot of the Dalma mountain range. With its crystal-clear water and picturesque surroundings, the lake is well-known as a picnic destination. It also offers opportunities for short hikes into the hills and a variety of water sports, including boating, rowing, and jet skiing.
- Patratu Valley – The stunning Patratu Valley, with its verdant landscape, spellbinding vistas, and foggy mountains, is located forty kilometres from Ranchi. On one side, visitors can view the Patratu Dam, while on the other, there is a wide green belt. The journey to this scenic location, where one may catch glimpses of the glistening water and meandering roads, is almost as lovely as the valley. The Patratu Dam is another attraction and is open from 9 am to 5 pm for boating.
- Johna Falls – The Johna Falls are surrounded by a canopy of lush, deep trees and dense vegetation and drop from a height of around 45 metres. The sacred rivers Ganga and Raru collided to create these massive, thunderous falls. The falls are sometimes referred to as the Gautamdhara Falls because of a neighbouring Buddhist temple.
- Netarhat (Queen Of Chotanagpur) – Netarhat, Queen of Chotanagpur, is the ideal location for you if you wish to be surrounded by the beauty of nature. The peace and beauty of the surroundings will astound you. The coolest spot in all of Jharkhand is the hill station surrounded with forest.
- Visit Betla National Park – As it contains the biodiversity that makes Jharkhand special, the Betla National Park should not be missed. This park was one of the first places to be proclaimed a Tiger Reserve by Project Tiger in 1974. There are a variety of animals that may be found there, including sloth bears, panthers, wolves, jackals, hyenas, large families of langurs, rhesus monkeys, Indian giant squirrels, mouse deer, sambar deer, porcupines, mongooses, etc.
- Dasham Lakes – A beautiful waterfall in the state of Jharkhand and a branch of the Subarnarekha River is called Dasham Falls, also spelled Dassam Falls. In the Ranchi district, it is located near to the Taimara hamlet. The 144-foot waterfall, which falls down, radiates utter stillness, tranquilly, and harmony. The area is surrounded by thick foliage, making it the ideal spot for a neighbourhood picnic. To reach there, you'll have to climb some stairs. You can take a break in between to see the breathtaking scenery.
- Dhanbad – The "Coal Capitol of India," Dhanbad, is the 79th-fastest expanding city in the world. Although the city's early history is unknown, the world is aware of its current growth since it is located in the middle of the richest coal resources in the nation.
- Novanta Jhameshdpur – The hotel's amenities include a coffee shop, speedy check-in and check-out, a business centre, and an iron board (upon request). In addition, the resort has laundry, banquet space, a garden, baggage storage, and elevator access. Also, the establishment offers airport transportation and has a restaurant on site. The 42 rooms are all roomy and come with a bathroom, tea/coffee maker, closet, and television. Jubilee Park, Dimna Lake, and Dalma Hill can all be seen from the house.
- Cocoon Luxury Business Hotel – The parking and Wi-Fi are always free, so you are free to come and go as you like.. This resort brings you close to sights and fascinating eating alternatives because it is conveniently located in the Dhanbad area of Dhanbad. Your stay will be more elegant and unforgettable thanks to the hotel's restaurant, which has four stars.
- The Tamara Coorg – The Tamara Coorg is a luxurious hotel witha 56-key resort and covers an area of 180.2 acres that produces Coffee, Cardamom, Pepper, and Honey. Currently,The Tamara Coorg is one of the few places in the world that is built inside a functional coffee plantation. This gives the resort the advantage to offer guests a unique proposition of a 360-degree coffee experience from Blossom to brew at the Verandah
- Radisson Blu Hotel Ranchi – For those seeking for a five-star hotel in Ranchi, the Radisson Blu Hotel is a fantastic option. It may be found on Main Road. 94% of the people who have stayed at our hotel in Ranchi have given it their highest recommendation. The hotel has a very excellent rating of 4.4 out of 5, which is regarded. Your stay will be more elegant and unforgettable thanks to the hotel's restaurant, which has four stars.
- Treebo Trend Winsome Banquet And Resort – Travelers seeking a 3 star hotel in Ranchi might choose Treebo Trend Winsome Banquet And Resort. The place is in Pithiyatil. One of Ranchi's most well regarded hotels, this one distinguishes out.
- Hotel The Bizton – Due to the fact that the parking and Wi-Fi are always free, you are free to come and go as you like.. This facility puts you close to sights and great eating choices because of its convenient location in Jamshedpur's Kasidih neighbourhood. Don't leave without stopping at the renowned Sonari Airport. Its top-notch hotel's five-star rating gives visitors access to its on-site restaurant and indoor pool.
- The Great Kabab Factory – The Radisson Blu Hotel, Ranchi's The Great Kabab Factory serves cuisine with an Indian focus. It emphasises flavorful Kebabs and conventional Mughlai food. TGKF strives to provide a distinctive eating experience by combining recipes from antiquity with modern cuisine. It has established a new menu for every day, and both vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods are provided to customers with the highest care.
- Kaveri restaurants and caterers – When it comes to delivering vegetarian food with enticing appearance, Kaveri has unquestionably raised the bar. Amazing interior design and fair meal prices are also present. The food served in the surprisingly elegant dining area, which has utilitarian furniture and beautifully polished kitchens, tastes like a cross between a boarding school meal and a pop-up restaurant. The stuffed naan here is amazing, and the Dahi Vada is a must-order if you want something sweet and sour. If you're a sweet tooth, try some fresh rasmalai.
- The kav’s – Every great restaurant has extra-ordinary cuisine and devoted team members, and Kav's places food at the centre of its philosophy. Given that it is a Kaveri branch, it has a reputation for providing the greatest food to its patrons. Its cuisine, which includes North Indian, Continental, and Chinese dishes, is wonderfully flavorful. Straightforward dishes like Egg Devil Chop, Fried Chicken Dumplings, and Paneer Hariyali Tikka, with their intensely flavorful aromas, leave no space for error.
- Yellow saphire - This warm and inviting enclave in Ranchi's centre manages to be both genuine and cliché-free. The ultimate restaurant features high-polished tables and mirrors, a golden, shining ambiance, prompt service, and an impeccably thought-out menu that provides practically everything from North Indian to Continental and European cuisine. In essence, Yellow Sapphire brought the idea of European-styled cuisine to the city. Discover treats from the United States, the Middle East, and the Fast East here, along with round-the-clock service.
- 7th heaven - There are several North Indian, South Indian, and Chinese cuisines combined at one of Ranchi's greatest vegetarian restaurants. It's difficult to decide what to get from the menu because everything—including the masala dosa with coconut chutney, the veg momos, the vegetable navratna korma, the spicy paneer pizza, the paneer do pyaza with laccha paratha, and the extra-sweet gulab jamun—sounds so delicious. Costs are simply too low and there are an endless number of foods available.
- The Urban Brava – The neighbourhood charmer is known for serving all-day meals and nighttime sharing plates with a broad Northern India fusion that draws on tastes from all throughout North India. The styling of the dishes is impeccable, yet flavour is always put before display. Moreover, it deviated from custom by selling fast food, delectable desserts, and mocktails such the Exotic Club Sandwich, Singapore Spring Roll, Chocolate Mousse, and Grape Fruit Mojito.
- Flaves – In a city like Ranchi, the hunt for delicious vegetarian cuisine is never over. We'll be forced to return time and time again to this restaurant because of its trendy decor and broad menu. Flaves has developed a reputation for offering the greatest South Indian, Chinese, and North Indian cuisine over a long period of time. Due to its tastefully decorated interior, the restaurant is the ideal location for conducting special events.
- Hot lips – It's never too late to look for a tasty meal in Ranchi. Ranchi is home to some remarkably passionate eaters, and Hot Lips is where they want to go while looking for the tastiest meals. Their cookery is genuine and has a fantastic fragrant flavour because it is based on cuisines from all around the continent. It specialises on North Indian and Chinese food, including delicacies like Kaju Curry, Paneer Shahi Kema, and Chicken Mughlai Paratha. Chicken Kashmiri Pulao and Paneer Mushroom Chatpata, which is followed by two generous scoops of Kesar Pista Icecream, are two more menu favourites.
- Bamboo shoots – Bamboo shoots are the bamboo plant's shoots, however they are completely edible and form a component of Jharkhand's traditional diet. This tough-looking shoot has an intriguing flavour and a little sweetness. The bamboo shoot is mostly used as a vegetable by the locals to produce a range of cuisines.
- Handia - In reality, it is a popular beverage in the state of Jharkhand. It is a rice beer that is made by the neighbourhood. The ranu tablet, which is a concoction of 20–25 herbs, is combined with cooked rice and allowed to ferment. Within a week, this beverage is ready. It is well-liked by the populace and contains less alcohol than rural libations.
- Litti Chokha – The natives love litti, which is a highly popular meal in the State. It is eaten with yoghurt, papad, aloo bharta, or baigan bharta (Chokha).
- Mitha Khaja – Khaja is produced by layering refined wheat flour and sugar with dried fruit or other filling and then lightly frying it in oil.
- Rugra – A really tasty food dish with a mushroom flavour. Rugra is a natural vegetable with a high calorie, protein, and mineral content.
- Til Barfi – It is one of those delectable treats that is only made during Makar Sankranti. The state of Jharkhand is quite proud of its most delicious and nutrient-dense delicacy, Til Barfi. It is made on other occasions as well because the people love it so much.
The state's official language is Hindi. There are several additional languages spoken by the locals. Dravidian, Indo-Aryan, and Munda are the three major language families. As they speak sister languages, most words have an 80% to 90% similarity. The Munda language family includes Santhali, Bhumij, Ho, Mundari, and Kharia; the Indo-Aryan language family includes Bengali, Sadri, Maithili, Panchpargania, Oriya, Khortha, Nagpuri, and Kurmali; and the Dravidian language family includes Paharia (Malto), Korwa, and Oraon (Kurukh).
East of Singhbhum, in the districts of Jamtara, Godda, Sahibganj, Dumka, Pakur, and Saraikela-Kharsawan, Santali is the language of choice. In some areas of Ranchi, Khunti, West Singhbhum, Latehar districts, Simdega, Gumla, etc., Mundari is spoken. In the West Singhbhum and Saraikela-Kharswan districts, people speak Ho.
- Karam Festival – The deity of power, vigour, and youth, Karam devta, is honoured at the Karam festival. Karam is observed on the eleventh day of the lunar month of Bhadra. Foraging for wood, fruits, and flowers in the jungle is a common activity among young peasants. At the Karam God Puja, they are essential. At this point, they sing and dance in groups. The entire valley seems to be swaying to the pounding of the fifth day of the phases. This is one of the few occasions when a boisterous and active youth celebration takes place in the Jharkhand tribal area.
- Jawa– The Jawa celebration, which has unique music and dance, is also celebrated at the same time by tribal females who are not yet married. This is kept mostly in hopes of improved family and fertility. The single females use germination-in-progress seeds to embellish a little basket. It is thought that praying for successful grain germination can raise fertility. The sisters present green melons to the Karam god as a representation of "son," illuminating the prehistoric expectations of humans (i.e., grains and children). During this moment, the whole Jharkhand tribal region becomes wasted.
- Tusu Parab Or Makar – The region of Jaharkhand between Bundu, Tamar, and Raidih is where this event is primarily observed. This belt has a long history dating back to the struggle for Indian freedom. A harvest celebration called TUSU is observed in the winter on the final day of the month of Poush. It is also for girls who are single. Girls wrap coloured paper around a wooden or bamboo frame and present it to the mountainous river nearby. Despite the lack of a written history for this event, it boasts a vast array of electrifying tunes that are alive with flavour. The simplicity and purity of tribal people are reflected in these songs.
- Hal Punhya – A holiday called Hal Punhya kicks off with the onset of winter. The first day of the Magh month, often referred to as "Akhain Jatra" or "Hal Punhya," is regarded as the start of the harvest. The farmers plough two and a half circles on their agricultural field to signify this fortunate morning. This day is also seen as a symbol of luck.
- Bhagta Parab – This celebration occurs between the spring and summer seasons. The devotion of Budha Baba is better known as Bhagta Parab among the tribal people of Jharkhand. They fast during the day and transport the priest Pahan to the tribal mandir known as Sarana Mandir after he has had a bath. The Pahan, often referred to as Laya, emerges out of the water. The followers form a chain by locking their thighs together and then advance to offer Laya their naked chests for her to walk over. During nighttime devotion, followers participate in the vivacious Chhau dance, which features several gymnastic moves and masks. The following day is jam-packed with archaic courage sports. The Tamar area of Jharkhand is where this celebration is most well-liked.
- Rohini – Maybe the first event in Jharkhand is called Rohini. It is a celebration of planting seeds in the ground. Farmers begin spreading seeds on this day, but unlike other tribal celebrations, there is no dancing or singing, only a few rites. Together with Rohini, other holidays like Rajsawala Ambavati and Chitgomha are also observed.
- Bandna – One of the most well-known holidays observed during the month of Kartik's dark moon is the Bandana festival (Kartik Aamavashya). The animals are the major focus of this celebration. Animals and pets are particularly important to tribes. They wash, clean, paint, decorate, feed properly, and adorn their cows and bulls during this celebration. Ohira, the song created just for this festival, honours the role that animals play in people's daily lives. This celebration is based on the idea that animals are a vital component of existence and have souls just like people. The final day of the bandanna week is the most thrilling. Bulls and buffaloes with their mouths closed are struck with a dry animal hyde while being tethered to a sturdy pole. The crowd cheers as the enraged animals use their horns to strike the dry skin. Typically, natural colours are utilised to decorate animals, and folk art is employed to create the artwork.
- Jani-Shikaar – Once every 12 years, this event is held. The women go hunting in the wilderness while dressing as males. On the Sharhul celebration new year day for the tribal people, when males used to be inebriated, the kurukh womenfolk in Roh-tas-garh drove away the mohameddens who sought to conquer the fort. This is remembered via the performance of Jani-Shikaar. Throughout the course of a 12-year period, they made 12 attempts to capture; but, each time, the kurukh women, who wore men's clothing while fighting, drove them away.
- Chhath Pooja – The only Vedic festival, Chhath, is an ancient Hindu celebration honouring Surya, also known as Surya Shashti, the Hindu Sun God. The Chhath Puja is conducted to express gratitude to Surya for supporting life on earth and to make specific wish requests. During the Chhath celebration, the Sun, who is revered as the deity of energy and the life-force, is worshipped to encourage wellbeing, prosperity, and advancement. Hinduism has the belief that worshipping the Sun promotes lifespan and prosperity for family members, friends, and seniors as well as aids in the treatment of many illnesses, including leprosy.
How to reach
- By Rail - From Patna, Chennai, Kolkata, and Delhi, direct trains are accessible. Trains from Mumbai stop at Jamshedpur, which is only 140 kilometres from Ranchi. Bokaro, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Tata, and Gomo are among Jharkhand's principal train stations. The Grand Chord and Howrah-Delhi main lines go across the northern part of the state. In the southern part of the state, Jamshedpur, the Howrah-Mumbai lines run through. The links between the western sides of Barkakhana and Sonenagar are becoming more significant.
- By Air - The air network in Jharkhand is not particularly sophisticated. The four domestic airports only have a small number of flights. The domestic public airport known as Birsa Munda Airport serves Ranchi, which is located in Jharkhand. There is a connection from Delhi to Mumbai.
- By Road - National Highways 23 and 33 converge at a location in Ranchi. Several states are connected to the rest of the country and to one another via a good road network. Both public and private buses go across the state as well as to other states like West Bengal and Bihar.
Best Time to Visit Jharkhand
The best time to visit Jharkhand is from October to March since the weather is perfect for tourism during this time of year. As Jharkhand has beautiful weather year-round, visitors should just bring a few items.